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Apologetic Quotation Marks  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.362
Item type: 
section
Quotation marks are sometimes used around words for special effect or to indicate irony. In most instances, however, they are unnecessary.Using their own finances and being informed about the ... More

Block Quotations  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.368
Item type: 
section
If material quoted from texts or speeches is longer than 4 lines of text, the material should be set off in a block, ie, in reduced type and without the quotation marks. Paragraph indents are ... More

Brackets  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.353
Item type: 
section
Brackets are used to indicate editorial interpolation within a quotation and to enclose corrections, explanations, or comments in material that is quoted. (See also , Quotation Marks, Quotations; , ... More

Change in Capitalization  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.382
Item type: 
section
The first word after the end punctuation mark and the ellipses should use the original capitalization, particularly in legal and scholarly documents. This facilitates finding the material in the ... More

Coined Words, Slang  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.361
Item type: 
section
Coined words, slang, nicknames, and words or phrases used ironically or facetiously may be enclosed in quotation marks at first mention. Thereafter, omit quotation marks. (See also , Typography, ... More

Colon  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.340
Item type: 
section
The colon is the strongest of the 3 marks used to indicate a decided pause or break in thought. It separates 2 main clauses in which the second clause amplifies or explains the first.This dictum is ... More

Comma  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.338
Item type: 
section
Commas are the least forceful of the 3 marks. There are definite rules for using commas; however, usage is often subjective. Some writers and editors use the comma frequently to indicate what they ... More
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Comma, Semicolon, Colon  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.146
Item type: 
section
Commas, semicolons, and colons can be used to indicate a break or pause in thought, to set off material, or to introduce a new but connected thought. Each has specific uses, and the strength of the ... More

Common Words Used in a Technical Sense  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.364
Item type: 
section
Enclose in quotation marks a common word used in a special technical sense when the context does not make the meaning clear. (See also , Definition or Translation of Non English-Language Words.)In ... More

Dashes  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.343
Item type: 
section
Dashes as another form of internal punctuation convey a particular meaning or emphasize and clarify a certain section of material within a sentence. Compared with parentheses, dashes may convey a ... More

Definition or Translation of Non–English-Language Words  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.365
Item type: 
section
The literal translation of a non English-language word or phrase is usually enclosed in quotation marks if it follows the word or phrase, whereas the simple definition of the word or phrase is not. ... More

Dialogue  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.356
Item type: 
section
With conversational dialogue, enclose the opening word and the final word in quotation marks.“Please don't schedule the surgery for a Tuesday.” “OK, if that’s inconvenient for you, I won't.” |
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Ellipses  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.152
Item type: 
section
Ellipses are 3 spaced dots (… ) generally used to indicate omission of 1 or more words, lines, paragraphs, or data from quoted material (this omission being the ellipsis). Excerpts from the following ... More

Ellipses in Tables  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.384
Item type: 
section
In tables, ellipses may be used, for example, to indicate that no data were available or that a specific category of data is not applicable. (See also , Visual Presentation of Data, Tables, Table ... More

Exclamation Point  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.336
Item type: 
section
Exclamation points indicate emotion, an outcry, or a forceful comment. Try to avoid their use except in direct quotations and in rare and special circumstances. They are not appropriate in scientific ... More
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Forward Slash (Virgule, Solidus)  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.148
Item type: 
section
The forward slash is used to represent per, and, or or and to divide material (eg, numerator and denominator in fractions; month, day, and year in dates [only in tables and figures]; lines of ... More

Grammatically Incomplete Expressions  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.379
Item type: 
section
The sentence within which an ellipsis occurs should be a grammatically complete expression. However, ellipses and no period may be used at the end of a sentence fragment to indicate that it is ... More

Hyphen  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.342
Item type: 
section
The hyphen is a connector; it may join “what is similar and also what is disjunctive….it divides as well as marries.” The hyphen connects words, prefixes, and suffixes permanently or temporarily. ... More
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Hyphens and Dashes  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.147
Item type: 
section
Hyphens and dashes are internal punctuation marks used for linkage and clarity of expression. | The hyphen is a connector; it may join “what is similar and also what is disjunctive….it divides as ... More

In Dates  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.347
Item type: 
section
Use the forward slash in dates only in tables and figures to save space (month/day/year) (see , Visual Presentation of Data, Tables, Punctuation). Avoid this presentation of dates in the text. |

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