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Abbreviating Number  

Stephen J. Lurie and Margaret A. Winker

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.270
Item type: 
section
The word number may be abbreviated No. in the body of tables and line art or in the text when used as a specific designator. Do not use the number sign (#) in place of the abbreviation. The word ... More
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Abbreviations  

Roxanne K. Young

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
eISBN: 
9780195382846
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195176339
Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary defines an abbreviation as “a shortened form of a written word or phrase used in place of the whole”3 (eg, Dr for doctor, US for United ... More
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Abbreviations  

Stacy Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.113
Item type: 
section
Within the body of the table and in column headings, units of measure and numbers normally spelled out may be abbreviated for space considerations (see , Abbreviations, Units of Measure; , Units of ... More

Abbreviations  

Bruce McGregor and Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.417
Item type: 
section
Include only abbreviations used in the text being indexed (ie, if a text uses only an expanded form, eg, National Institutes of Health, but never the abbreviation, do not include “NIH” in the index). ... More

Abbreviations  

Harriet S. Meyer

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.533
Item type: 
section
The following are some common abbreviations from pulmonary function testing; they should always be expanded at first mention: |

Abbreviations  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.6
Item type: 
section
Avoid the use of abbreviations in the title and subtitle, unless space considerations require an exception (see the first example below) or unless the title or subtitle includes the name of a group ... More
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Abbreviations  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.160
Item type: 
section
For most all-capital abbreviations, the plural is formed by adding s. Do not use an apostrophe before the s. (See also , Punctuation, Apostrophe, Using Apostrophes to Form Plurals.) Note: When plural ... More

Abbreviations  

Phil B. Fontanarosa and Stacy Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.551
Item type: 
section
Most units of measure are abbreviated when used with numerals or in a virgule construction. Certain units of measure should be spelled out at first mention, with the abbreviated form in parentheses. ... More
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Abstract  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.28
Item type: 
section
In this age of electronic data dissemination and retrieval, in which abstracts are typically indexed and freely available, a well-written abstract has become increasingly important in directing ... More
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Abstract and Introduction  

Margaret A. Winker and Stephen J. Lurie

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.594
Item type: 
section
UPDATE: We will discontinue using quotation marks to identify parts of an article, but retain the capitalization; eg, This is discussed in the Methods section (not the “Methods” section). This change ... More

Abstracts and Other Material Taken From Another Source  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.58
Item type: 
section
Several types of published abstracts may be cited: (1) an abstract of a complete article taken from another publication, as in the Abstracts section of JAMA, (2) a rewritten abstract of a published ... More
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Academic Degrees, Certifications, and Honors  

Roxanne K. Young

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.205
Item type: 
section
The following academic degrees are abbreviated in bylines and in the text when used with the full name of a person. (See also , Names and Titles of Persons.) In some circumstances, however, use of ... More
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Accent Marks (Diacritics)  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.021.191
Item type: 
section
An accent mark (diacritic), when added to a letter, indicates a phonetic value different from that of the unmarked letter. English words once spelled with accent marks (eg, cooperate, preeminent) now ... More

Acceptance Date  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.30
Item type: 
section
Some journals include the date of the manuscript’s acceptance; others include the date of manuscript submission, the date the revision was received, and the date accepted. Examples are shown below: ... More
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Accepted Usage  

Stephen J. Lurie and Margaret A. Winker

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.583
Item type: 
section
Spell out numbers for generally accepted usage, such as idiomatic expressions. One frequently appears in running text without referring to a quantity per se and may appear awkward if expressed as a ... More

Access to Data Requirement  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.176
Item type: 
section
For all reports, regardless of funding source, containing original data (research and systematic reviews), at least 1 named author should indicate that she or he “had full access to all of the data ... More

Access to Data Statement  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.150
Item type: 
section
UPDATE: The requirement for independent statistical analysis in industry-sponsored or industry-analyzed studies published in JAMA has been discontinued. This change was made July 10, 2013. The ICMJE ... More

Acknowledging Manuscript Receipt  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.236
Item type: 
section
Journals should send a notice to authors to acknowledge receipt of their manuscripts and provide names and contact information of relevant editorial staff. For journals with Web-based manuscript ... More

Acknowledging Support, Assistance, and Contributions of Those Who Are Not Authors  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.146
Item type: 
section
In the Acknowledgment, authors identify important sources of financial and material support and assistance and give credit to all persons who have made substantial contributions to the work but who ... More

Acknowledgment Elements and Order of Elements  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th edition)

Print Publication Year: 
2007
Published Online: 
2009
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780195176339.022.152
Item type: 
section
An example of the Acknowledgment section including all possible elements as it would appear in JAMA or any of the Archives Journals is shown in the Box. In print journals, author affiliations and ... More

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