Bylines and End-of-Text Signatures
In major articles, authors are listed in a byline, which appears immediately below the title or subtitle. In letters, editorials, book reviews, essays, poems, and news stories, the authors' names may appear as signatures at the end of the text, rather than as a byline under the title. The authors' names and academic degrees are used, as in the byline. Further information given in the signature varies with the journal. The author should consult a recent issue for style and format.