Academic Degrees, Certifications, and Honors - AMA Manual of Style

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Academic Degrees, Certifications, and Honors 

Academic Degrees, Certifications, and Honors

Chapter:
Abbreviations
Author(s):

Roxanne K. Young

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Academic Degrees, Certifications, and Honors

The following academic degrees are abbreviated in bylines and in the text when used with the full name of a person. (See also 14.6, Names and Titles of Persons.) In some circumstances, however, use of the abbreviation alone is acceptable (eg, Katharine is a doctor of medicine and also holds a PhD in biochemistry). (See also 9.5, Plurals, Abbreviations.)

Generally, US fellowship designations (eg, FACP, FAAN, FACS) and honorary designations (eg, PhD[Hon]) are not used in bylines. In contrast, non-US designations such as the British FRCP and the Canadian FRCPC (attained through a series of qualifying examinations) should be listed in bylines.

At JAMA and the Archives Journals, for example, if an author holds both an FACP and an FRCPC, the former would be deleted.

Degrees below the master’s level (eg, BA, BS) are generally not listed in bylines or elsewhere. However, if a bachelor’s degree is the highest degree held, it may be listed. Exceptions are also made for specialized degrees, licenses, certifications, and credentials below the master’s level in medical and health-related fields (included below). Any unusual degrees should be verified with the author.

ART

accredited record technician

BPharm

bachelor of pharmacy

BS, BCh, BC, CB, or ChB

bachelor of surgery

BSN

bachelor of science in nursing

CHES

certified health education specialist

CIH

certified industrial hygienist

CNM

certified nurse midwife

CNMT

certified nuclear medicine technologist

CO

certified orthoptist

COMT

certified ophthalmic medical technologist

CPFT

certified pulmonary function technologist

CRNA

certified registered nurse anesthetist

CRTT

certified respiratory therapy technician

CTR

certified tumor registrar

DC

doctor of chiropractic

DCh or ChD

doctor of surgery

DDS

doctor of dental surgery

DHL

doctor of humane letters

DMD

doctor of dental medicine

DME

doctor of medical education

DMSc

doctor of medical science

DNE

doctor of nursing education

DNS or DNSc

doctor of nursing science

DO or OD

doctor of optometry

DO

doctor of osteopathy

DPH or DrPH

doctor of public health; doctor of public hygiene

DPharm

doctor of pharmacy

DPM

doctor of podiatric medicine

DSW

doctor of social work

DTM&H

diploma in tropical medicine and hygiene

DTPH

diploma in tropical pediatric hygiene

DVM, DMV, or VMD

doctor of veterinary medicine

DVMS

doctor of veterinary medicine and surgery

DVS or DVSc

doctor of veterinary science

EdD

doctor of education

ELS

editor in the life sciences

EMT

emergency medical technician

EMT-P

emergency medical technician-paramedic

FCGP

fellow of the College of General Practitioners

FCPS

fellow of the College of Physicians and Surgeons

FFA

fellow of the Faculty of Anaesthetists

FFARCS

fellow of the Faculty of Anaesthetists of the Royal College of Surgeons

FNP

family nurse practitioner

FRACP

fellow of the Royal Australian College of Physicians

FRCA

fellow of the Royal College of Anesthesia

FRCGP

fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners

FRCOG

fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

FRCP

fellow of the Royal College of Physicians

FRCPath

fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists

FRCPC

fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada

FRCP(Glasg)

fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow qua Physician

FRCPE or FRCP(Edin)

fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

FRCPI or FRCP(Ire)

fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland

FRCR

fellow of the Royal College of Radiologists

FRCS

fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons

FRCSC

fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Canada

FRCSE or FRCS(Edin)

fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

FRCS(Glasg)

fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow qua Surgeon

FRCSI or FRCS(Ire)

fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland

FRCVS

fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons

FRS

fellow of the Royal Society

GNP

gerontologic or geriatric nurse practitioner

JD

doctor of jurisprudence

LLB

bachelor of laws

LLD

doctor of laws

LLM

master of laws

LPN

licensed practical nurse

LVN

licensed visiting nurse; licensed vocational nurse

M(ASCP)

registered technologist in microbiology (American Society of Clinical Pathologists)

MA or AM

master of arts

MB or BM

bachelor of medicine

MBA

master of business administration

MBBS or MB,BS

bachelor of medicine, bachelor of surgery

MD or DM

doctor of medicine

MEd

master of education

MFA

master of fine arts

MHA

master of hospital administration

MLS

master of library science

MMM

master of medical management

MN

master of nursing

MPA

master of public administration

MPH

master of public health

MPharm

master of pharmacy

MPhil

master of philosophy

MPPA

master of public policy administration

MRCP

member of the Royal College of Physicians

MRCS

member of the Royal College of Surgeons

MS, MSc, or SM

master of science

MS, SM, MCh, or MSurg

master of surgery

MSN

master of science in nursing

MSPH

master of science in public health

MStat

master of statistics

MSW

master of social welfare; master of social work

MT

medical technologist

MTA

medical technical assistant

MT(ASCP)

registered medical technologist (American Society of Clinical Pathologists)

MUS

master in urban studies

ND

naturopathic doctor

NP

nurse practitioner

OT

occupational therapist

OTR

occupational therapist, registered

PA

physician assistant

PA-C

physician assistant, certified

PharmD, DP, or PD

doctor of pharmacy

PhD or DPhil

doctor of philosophy

PhG

graduate in pharmacy

PNP

pediatric nurse practitioner

PsyD

doctor of psychology

PT

physical therapist

RD

registered dietitian

RN

registered nurse

RNA

registered nurse anesthetist

RNC or RN,C

registered nurse, certified

RPFT

registered pulmonary function technologist

RPh

registered pharmacist

RPT

registered physical therapist

RRL

registered record librarian

RT

radiologic technologist; respiratory therapist

RTR

recreational therapist, registered

ScD, DSc, or DS

doctor of science

STD

doctor of systematic theology

ThD or DTh

doctor of theology

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