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Contents

Agencies and Organizations 

Chapter:
Abbreviations
Author(s):

Roxanne K. Young

Agencies and Organizations

Many organizations (eg, academies, associations, government agencies, research institutes) are known by abbreviations or acronyms rather than by their full names. Some of these organizations have identical abbreviations (eg, AHA for both American Heart Association and American Hospital Association). Therefore, to avoid confusion, the names of all organizations should be expanded at first mention in the text and other major elements of the manuscript, with the abbreviation following immediately in parentheses, in accordance with the guidelines offered in 14.11, Clinical, Technical, and Other Common Terms.

The article the is often used with abbreviated forms of agencies and organizations (eg, the UN, the AMA, the FDA); however, an article is not necessary with forms pronounced as words (eg, NASA, OSHA, WAME).

The following are associations and organizations commonly cited in JAMA and the Archives Journals. This list is intended to show examples and is not all-inclusive. Because there are other expansions of some of the abbreviations, authors and editors should verify that the expansion is correct in such instances.

AAAAI

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science

AABB

American Association of Blood Banks

AACAP

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

AACC

American Association of Clinical Chemists

AACIA

American Association for Clinical Immunology and Allergy

AACN

American Association of Colleges of Nursing

American Association of Critical-Care Nurses

AAD

American Academy of Dermatology

AAFP

American Academy of Family Physicians

AAFPRS

American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

AAHSLD

Association of Academic Health Science Library Directors

AAI

American Association of Immunologists

AAMC

Association of American Medical Colleges

AAMCH

American Association of Maternal and Child Health

AAN

American Academy of Neurology

American Academy of Neuropathologists

American Academy of Nursing

AANA

American Association of Nurse Anesthetists

AANP

American Academy of Nurse Practitioners

AANS

American Association of Neurological Surgeons

AAO

American Academy of Ophthalmology

AAOHNS

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

AAOS

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

American Association of Pathologists

AAPA

American Academy of Physician Assistants

American Association of Pathologists' Assistants

AAPHP

American Association of Public Health Physicians

AAPM

American Academy of Pain Medicine

American Association of Physicists in Medicine

AAPMR

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

AAPS

American Association of Plastic Surgeons

AARP

American Association of Retired Persons

AATM

American Academy of Tropical Medicine

AATS

American Association for Thoracic Surgery

AAUP

American Association of University Professors

AAWR

American Association for Women Radiologists

ABA

American Bar Association

ABMS

American Board of Medical Specialties

ACA

American College of Allergists

American College of Anesthetists

ACAAI

American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

ACC

American College of Cardiology

ACCME

Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education

ACCP

American College of Chest Physicians

ACEP

American College of Emergency Physicians

ACG

American College of Gastroenterology

ACGME

Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education

ACHA

American College Health Association

ACHE

American College of Hospital Executives

ACIP

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices

ACLM

American College of Legal Medicine

ACMQ

American College of Medical Quality

ACNM

American College of Nuclear Medicine

American College of Nurse-Midwives

ACNP

American College of Nuclear Physicians

ACOEM

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

ACOG

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

ACP

American College of Physicians

ACPE

American College of Physician Executives

ACPM

American College of Preventive Medicine

ACR

American College of Radiology

American College of Rheumatology

ACS

American Cancer Society

American Chemical Society

American College of Surgeons

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

ADA

American Dental Association

American Dermatological Association

American Diabetes Association

American Dietetic Association

ADRDA

Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association

AERS

Adverse Event Reporting System

(US Food and Drug Administration)

AES

American Epilepsy Society

AFAR

American Federation for Aging Research

AFCR

American Federation for Clinical Research

AFIP

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

AFS

American Fertility Society

AGA

American Gastroenterological Association

AGPA

American Group Practice Association

AGS

American Geriatrics Society

AHA

American Heart Association

American Hospital Association

AHRA

American Healthcare Radiology Administrators

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AJCC

American Joint Committee on Cancer

ALA

American Library Association

American Lung Association

ALROS

American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society

AMA

Aerospace Medical Association

American Management Association

American Marketing Association

American Medical Association

Australian Medical Association

AMDA

American Medical Directors Association

AMPA

American Medical Publishers' Association

AMSA

American Medical Student Association

AMSUS

Association of Military Surgeons of the United States

AMWA

American Medical Women’s Association

American Medical Writers Association

ANA

American Neurological Association

American Nurses Association

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

AOA

Alpha Omega Alpha

American Orthopaedic Association

American Osteopathic Association

AOMA

American Occupational Medicine Association

AONE

American Organization of Nurse Executives

AORN

Association of Operating Room Nurses

AOS

American Otological Society

AOWHN

American Organization of Women’s Health Nurses

APA

Ambulatory Pediatrics Association

American Pharmaceutical Association

American Psychiatric Association

American Psychological Association

APHA

American Public Health Association

APM

Academy of Physical Medicine

APS

American Physical Society

American Physiological Society

American Psychological Society

ARA

American Rheumatism Association

ARC

American Red Cross

ARENA

Applied Research Ethics National Association

ARRS

American Roentgen Ray Society

ARVO

Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology

ASA

American Society of Anesthesiologists

ASAM

American Society of Addiction Medicine

ASCN

American Society of Clinical Nutrition

ASCO

American Society of Clinical Oncology

American Society of Clinical Ophthalmology

ASCP

American Society of Clinical Pathologists

American Society of Consultant Pharmacists

ASCPT

American Society of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

ASCRS

American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

ASDR

American Society of Diagnostic Radiology

ASDS

American Society for Dermatologic Surgery

ASG

American Society for Genetics

ASGE

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

ASHG

American Society of Human Genetics

ASLME

American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics

ASM

American Society for Microbiology

ASMT

American Society of Medical Technologists

ASPRS

American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons

ASTHO

Association of State and Territorial Health Officers

ASTMH

American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

ASTRO

American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology

ASTS

American Society of Transplant Surgeons

ATA

American Thyroid Association

ATS

American Thoracic Society

AUA

American Urological Association

BMA

British Medical Association

CAP

College of American Pathologists

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CMA

Canadian Medical Association

CMS

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CNS

Child Neurology Society

CSE

Council of Science Editors

DHHS

Department of Health and Human Services

EASE

European Association of Science Editors

ECDC

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

ECFMG

Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates

EEOC

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

EIS

Epidemic Intelligence Service (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EU

European Union

FASEB

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

GLMA

Gay and Lesbian Medical Association

GSA

Gerontological Society of America

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

ICAAC

Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

ICMJE

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

ICN

International Council of Nurses

ICRC

International Committee of the Red Cross

ICS

International College of Surgeons

IDSA

Infectious Diseases Society of America

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IPPNW

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

ISBT

International Society of Blood Transfusion

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

JCAHO

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations

MGMA

Medical Group Management Association

MLA

Medical Library Association

MRC

Medical Research Council

MSF

Médecins Sans Frontières

NAME

National Association of Medical Examiners

NAMS

North American Menopause Society

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NBME

National Board of Medical Examiners

NCBI

National Center for Biotechnology Information

NCCAM

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCOA

National Committee on Quality Assurance

NCRR

National Center for Research Resources

NEI

National Eye Institute

NHGRI

National Human Genome Research Institute

NHLBI

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

NHO

National Hospice Organization

NIA

National Institute on Aging

NIAAA

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

NIAID

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NIAMS

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

NIBIB

National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NICHD

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

NIDA

National Institute on Drug Abuse

NIDCD

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

NIDCR

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

NIDDK

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

NIEHS

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

NIGMS

National Institute of General Medical Sciences

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NIMH

National Institute of Mental Health

NINDS

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

NINR

National Institute of Nursing Research

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NISO

National Information Standards Organization

NLM

National Library of Medicine

NLN

National League for Nursing

NMA

National Medical Association

NMHA

National Mental Health Association

NRC

National Research Council

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

NRMP

National Resident Matching Program

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSPB

National Society for the Prevention of Blindness

OMAR

Office of Medical Applications of Research

ONS

Oncology Nursing Society

OPRR

Office for Protection From Research Risks

ORI

Office of Research Integrity

ORWH

Office of Research on Women’s Health

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

PAHO

Pan American Health Organization

PHR

Physicians for Human Rights

PHS

Public Health Service

PSR

Physicians for Social Responsibility

PSRO

Professional Standards Review Organization

RDCRN

Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network

RPB

Research to Prevent Blindness

RSNA

Radiological Society of North America

Rehabilitation Society of North America

SAMBA

Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia

SAMHSA

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SCCM

Society of Critical Care Medicine

SEC

Securities and Exchange Commission

SID

Society for Investigative Dermatology

SMCAF

Society of Medical Consultants to the Armed Forces

SNM

Society of Nuclear Medicine

SSA

Social Security Administration

SSO

Society of Surgical Oncology

SSP

Society for Scholarly Publishing

STC

Society for Technical Communication

STS

Society of Thoracic Surgeons

UICC

International Union Against Cancer (Union Internationale Contre le Cancer)

UN

United Nations

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

UNOS

United Network for Organ Sharing

USAN

United States Adopted Names [Council]

VA

Department of Veterans Affairs

WAME

World Association of Medical Editors

WFP

World Food Program

WHO

World Health Organization

WIC

Special Supplemental Nutrition for Women, Infants, and Children

WMA

World Medical Association

For more detailed listings of US and international agencies and associations, consult the current editions of The Official American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) Directory of Board Certified Medical Specialists, The United States Government Manual, Federal Yellow Book, Congressional Yellow Book, Encyclopedia of Associations, Directory of European Medical Organisations, Directory of European Professional & Learned Societies, Civil Service Yearbook, The Medical Registry, and The World of Learning.

There are thousands of directories of websites, ranging from the official (eg, US Executive Branch websites at http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/fedgov.html) to commercial, private, and nonprofit (eg, http://directory.google.com/).

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