Collaborative groups include study groups, multicenter trials, task forces, expert and ad hoc consensus groups, and periodic national and international health surveys. Such an entity’s full name should be provided in addition to its abbreviation, even if it appears only once in a manuscript. Because some of these groups are often better recognized by their acronyms than by their full names, the acronym may be placed first, with the expansion in parentheses, contrary to the order usually recommended.
To save space in titles, however, the acronym may be used alone if its expansion is provided early in the manuscript, for example, in the abstract and in the text. Alternatively, the acronym might be given in the manuscript’s title and the expansion in its subtitle; or, if space permits and both the expansion and the acronym convey separate and essential concepts, both could be given in the title or subtitle. The collaborative group name may be used as the byline. (See also 5.1.7, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, Group and Collaborative Authorship; 2.2, Manuscript Preparation, Bylines and End-of-Text Signatures; and 2.10.6, Manuscript Preparation, Acknowledgment Section, List of Participants in a Group Study.)
Fluoxetine, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, and Their Combination for Adolescents With Depression
Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS) Randomized Controlled Trial
Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS) Team
Consider the manuscript’s context and audience, database searches, and ease of comprehension when choosing the form in which collaborative group information is presented. Remember that many literature databases contain only the title and article citation; some, but not all, also provide the abstract.