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Blood Groups, Platelet Antigens, and Granulocyte Antigens

Chapter:
Nomenclature
Author(s):

Harriet S. Meyer

[A]lthough erythrocytes have traditionally beenconsidered relatively inert cellular containers ofhemoglobin, they are in fact active in a varietyof physiologic processes.  L. Calhoun and L. D. Petz(p1843)Blood groups are characterized by erythrocyte (red blood cell) antigens with common immunologic properties (eg, group A). Blood group systems are series of such antigens encoded by a single gene or by a cluster of 2 or 3 closely linked homologous genes (eg, ABO system).There are about 600 recognized erythrocyte antigens. The International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) designates around 270 blood group antigens. Of these, around 250 belong to 1 of 29 systems., (Other antigens

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