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Contents

Use of Numerals 

Chapter:
Numbers and Percentages
Author(s):

Stephen J. Lurie

and Margaret A. Winker

In scientific writing, numerals are used to express numbers in most circumstances. Exceptions are the following: ▪ Numbers that begin a sentence, title, subtitle, or heading▪ Common fractions▪ Accepted usage such as idiomatic expressions and numbers used as pronouns▪ Other uses of “one” in running text▪ Ordinals first through ninth▪ Numbers spelled out in quotes or published titles. (See , Spelling Out Numbers.)Note the following examples of numerals in text: The relative risk of exposed individuals was nearly 3 times that of the controls. In the second phase of the study, 3 of the investigators administered the 5 tests to

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