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Spacing With Mathematical Symbols 

Spacing With Mathematical Symbols
Mathematical Composition

Stephen J. Lurie

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Spacing With Mathematical Symbols

Thin spaces should be used before and after the following mathematical symbols: ±, =, <, >, ≤, ≥, +, −, ÷, ×, ·, ≈, ∼, ∩, ∫, Π, Σ, and |.

a ± b a = b a + b ab a ÷ b a × b a · b a > b a < b

Symbols are set close to numbers, superscripts and subscripts, and parentheses, brackets, and braces.



(a + b)






{a + b}

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