Epigraphs are rarely used for research papers. On occasion an author will use an epigraph, a short quotation set at the beginning of a nonresearch article, to suggest the theme of the article. In JAMA and the Archives Journals, epigraphs are set in italics, beginning flush left, with the signature set in roman type underneath the quotation, flush right with the longest line of the quotation. If the work cited appears in the reference list, a superscript number should indicate the source. Otherwise, the title of the work should be indicated.
- The medical profession seems to have no place for its
- mistakes.… And if the medical profession has no
- room for doctors' mistakes, neither does society.
- David Hilfiker1
- Gas! Gas! Quick, boys!—An ecstasy of fumbling,
- Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
- But someone still was yelling out and stumbling,
- And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime….
- Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est