References Given in Text
3.3 References Given in Text
Parenthetical citation in the text of references that meet the criteria for inclusion in a reference list should be restricted to circumstances in which reference lists would not be used, such as news articles or obituaries. Note that in the text (1) the author(s) may not be named, (2) the title may not be given, (3) the name of the journal is abbreviated only when enclosed in parentheses, and (4) inclusive page numbers are given. Some resources, such as Web URLs, may be listed in the text when it is the website itself that is referred to rather than content on the site.
Wiese et al recently reported that an extract from the fruit of the prickly pear cactus had a moderate effect on reducing the symptoms of the alcohol hangover (Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:1334-1340).
The effect of an extract from the fruit of the prickly pear cactus on reducing the symptoms of the alcohol hangover was reported in a recent issue of Archives of Internal Medicine (2004;164:1334-1340).
The Archives of Internal Medicine article (2004;164:1334-1340) on the effects of an extract of the fruit of the prickly pear cactus on reducing symptoms of the alcohol hangover received widespread publicity (eg, USA Today. June 29, 2004:7D).
Physicians may wish to consult the NIH Clinical Trials Registry (http://clinicaltrials.gov).