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Minimum Acceptable Data for References

Chapter:
References
Author(s):

Cheryl Iverson

Minimum Acceptable Data for References

To be acceptable, a reference to journals or books or websites must include certain minimum data. The information varies slightly for journals and books online and journals and books in print. For all of these forms, please consult the specific section in this chapter devoted to that form for more complete requirements. The summary below represents only a skeleton for quick reference.

Journals:

Print:

Author(s). Article title. Journal Name. Year;vol(issue No.): inclusive pages.

Online:

Authors(s). Article title. Journal Name. Year;vol(issue No.): inclusive pages. URL. Accessed [date].

Books:

Print:

Author(s). Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). City, State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year.

Online:

Author(s). Book Title. Edition number (if it is the second edition or above). City, State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher’s name; copyright year. URL. Accessed [date].

website:

Author (or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Title (or, if no title is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the website. URL. Accessed [date].

Enough information to identify and retrieve the material should be provided. More complete data (see 3.11.1, References to Print Journals, Complete Data; 3.12.1, References to Print Books, Complete Data; 3.15, Electronic References; and 3.13.8, Special Print Materials, Unpublished Material) should be used when available.

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