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Duplicate Publication 

Ethical and Legal Considerations

Annette Flanagin

Wasteful publication includes dividing the results in a single study into two or more papers (“salami sci- ence”); republishing the same material in successive papers (which need not have identical format and content); and blending data from one study with additional data to extract yet another paper that could not make its way on the second set of data alone (meat extenders).    Edward J. Huth, MD Duplicate publication is the simultaneous or subsequent reporting of essentially the same information, article, or major components of an article 2 or more times in 1 or more forms of media (either print or electronic

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