Intellectual Property: Ownership, Access, Rights, and Management
- [Will copyright survive the new technologies?] That
- question is about as bootless as asking whether pol-
- itics will survive democracy. The real question is
- what steps it will take to ensure that the promised
- new era of information and entertainment survives
- copyright. History offers a clue.
- Paul Goldstein1
Intellectual property is a legal term for that which results from the creative efforts of the mind (intellectual) and that which can be owned, possessed, and subject to competing claims (property).2 Three legal doctrines governing intellectual property are relevant for authors, editors, and publishers in biomedical publishing: copyright (the law protecting authorship and publication), patent (the law protecting invention and technology), and trademark (the law protecting words and symbols used to identify goods and services in the marketplace).1 This section focuses primarily on intellectual property and copyright law.