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Editorial Freedom and Integrity 

Ethical and Legal Considerations

Annette Flanagin

The freedom of the press is one of the greatest bulwarks of liberty.    George Mason Editorial freedom implies a range of independence, from complete absence of external restraint and coercion to merely a sense of not being unduly hampered or frustrated. Integrity is the state of honesty, credibility, incorruptibility, and accountability. A biomedical journal has editorial integrity if it adheres to these values, but different journals have different levels of editorial freedom. The First Amendment of the US Constitution affirms several freedoms, including the freedom of the press. Thus, communication through the US press or other media is a right that

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