Subscriber Login

Forgotten your password?


Parentheses and Brackets 


Cheryl Iverson

Parentheses and brackets are internal punctuation marks used to set off material that is nonrestrictive or, as in the case of mathematical and chemical expressions, to alert the reader to the special functions occurring within. Use parentheses to indicate supplementary explanations, identification, direction to the reader, or translation. (See also , Dashes, and , Brackets.)A known volume of fluid (100 mL) was injected. The differences were not significant (P > .05). One of us (B.O.G.) saw the patient in 2006. Asymmetry of the upper part of the rib cage (patient 5) and pseudarthrosis of the first and second ribs (patient 8)

AMA Manual of Style requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .