Multiple Authors, Group Authors
2.2.4 Multiple Authors, Group Authors
When the byline contains more than 1 name, use semicolons to separate the authors' names. See also 5.1.7, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, Group and Collaborative Authorship.
The following examples show bylines with multiple authors.
Melvin H. Freedman, MD, FRCPC; E. Fred Saunders, MD, FRCP; Louise Jones, MD, PhD; Kurt Grant, RN
John E. Ware Jr, PhD; Martha S. Bayliss, MSc; William H. Rogers, PhD; Mark Kosinski, MA; Alvin R. Tarlov, MD
Thomas G. Delap, FRCS; Antonios Kaberos, MD; William E. Grant, FRCSI; Michael P. Stearns, FRCS
Individual Authors for a Group.
When a byline or signature contains 1 or more individuals' names and the name of a group (not all members of which meet the qualifications for authorship), use for followed by the name of the group if the specific individuals named qualify for authorship and are writing for the group.
William A. Tasman, MD; for the Laser ROP Study Group
Individual Authors and a Group.
When a byline or signature contains 1 or more individuals’ names, and the name of a group (all members of which meet the qualifications for authorship), use and followed by the name of the group if the individuals as well as all the members of the group qualify for authorship. In this case, every member of the group must qualify for authorship, and for journals with specific authorship criteria, like JAMA and the Archives Journals, every member of the group must sign a statement that he or she has met the criteria for authorship. (See 5.1.7, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, Group and Collaborative Authorship, and 14.9, Abbreviations, Collaborative Groups.)
Debra L. Hanson, MS; Susan Y. Chu, PhD; Karen M. Farizo, MD; John W. Ward, MD; and the Adult and Adolescent Spectrum of HIV Disease Project Group
Subgroup as Author.
Occasionally a specific subgroup of a larger group will be listed as the author:
Executive Committee for the Symptomatic Carotid Atherosclerotic Study
The Writing Group for the DISC Collaborative Research Group
In this case, the names of the members of the subgroup should be clearly listed as authors and each member of the subgroup must sign a statement indicating that he or she met the authorship criteria.
Group Name and Asterisk (Linking to Named Authors).
If only a group is given in the byline but not all members of the group qualify as authors, an asterisk must follow the group name in the byline and refer to an asterisk footnote at the bottom of the first page of the article. The footnote must list the actual authors or refer to the list elsewhere in the article if the list is too long to provide on the first page. Each member of this group must sign a statement indicating that he or she has met the authorship criteria.
Byline: Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study Group*
*This report was prepared on behalf of the COMS Group by Marie Diener-West, PhD; Sandra M. Reynolds, MA; Donna J. Agugliaro, RN, BSN; Robert Caldwell, PA; Kristi Cumming, RN, MSN; John D. Earle, MD; Barbara S. Hawkins, PhD; James A. Hayman, MD; Ismael Jaiyesimi, MD; Lee M. Jampol, MD; John M. Kirkwood, MD; Wui-Jin Koh, MD; Dennis M. Robertson, MD; John M. Shaw, MD; Bradley R. Straatsma, MD, JD; and Jonni Thoma, RN, BSN.
Group Information: A list of the COMS Group members as of September 30, 2000, was published in Archives of Ophthalmology (2001;119:961-965).
Byline: Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group*
*This article was prepared on behalf of the Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group by Velma Dobson, PhD (chair); Graham E. Quinn, MD, MSCE; C. Gail Summer, MD; Robert J. Hardy, PhD; and Betty Tung, MS.
Group Information: A complete list of the members of the Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group at the 10-year examination was published in Archives of Ophthalmology (2001;119:1110-1118).
Note that, in conjunction with the mention of a group in the byline, reference to the names of the members of the group may be given as shown immediately above or may be given in a box in the article or at the end of the article, in the Acknowledgments. (See also 2.3.3, Footnotes to Title Page, Author Affiliations.)
Group Name in Byline, With All Group Members Qualifying as Authors.
If each member of the group qualifies for authorship, the group name may be listed in the byline or signature block without an asterisk (see 2.3.3, Footnotes to Title Page, Author Affiliations, and 2.10.6, Acknowledgment Section, List of Participants in a Group Study). The group members would be listed at the end of the article or in a box within the article and would be identified as authors. (See also 5.1.7, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, Group and Collaborative Authorship.)