Subscriber Login

  • This account has no valid subscription for this site.

Forgotten your password?

Show Summary Details
Page of

General Guidelines 

General Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation

Cheryl Iverson

Page of

PRINTED FROM AMA MANUAL OF STYLE ONLINE ( © American Medical Association, 2009. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the license agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in AMA Manual of Style Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy). 

Subscriber: null; date: 20 October 2016

General Guidelines

A few specific guidelines to consider in preparing either type of abstract follow:

  • Consult the journal’s instructions for authors.

  • Follow the journal’s specific sideheadings when preparing a structured abstract.

  • Do not begin the abstract by repeating the title.

  • Do not cite references.

  • Provide absolute results for main outcome measures (eg, report incidence rates rather than reporting only relative risks). In addition, provide confidence intervals whenever possible (if not, provide P values) (see 20.1, Study Design and Statistics, The Manuscript: Presenting Study Design, Rationale, and Statistical Analysis).

  • Include major terms and describe databases and study groups (related to the subject under discussion) in the abstract, since the abstract can be text-searched in many retrieval systems.

  • Include the stated hypothesis, if applicable.

  • Ensure that all concepts and data in the abstract are included in the text.

  • Include the active moiety of a drug at first mention (see 15.4, Nomenclature, Drugs).

  • Avoid proprietary names or manufacturers' names unless they are essential to the study (see 15.5, Nomenclature, Equipment, Devices, and Reagents).

  • Spell out abbreviations at first mention.

  • If an isotope is mentioned, spell out the name of the element when first used and provide the isotope number on the line (see 15.9, Nomenclature, Isotopes).

  • Provide the dates of the study, or date ranges for studies and other data included in reviews.

  • Verify the numbers provided in the abstract against those provided in the text and tables to ensure internal consistency.

Previous | Next