Composition, Page Makeup, and Web Content
6.2.2 Composition, Page Makeup, and Web Content
Once the author’s and reviewing editor’s changes have been made in the manuscript file, the document is ready to be composed, or made into pages. Before the widespread use of electronic page makeup systems, galley proofs of typeset text in long columns were produced. A layout served as the model for the page, showing breaks (if any) in the title, type sizes and spacing in the text, and placement of tables, figures, and headings. The galley proofs were then cut and pasted along with the tables and art to make page proofs.
In an electronic composition system, codes must be inserted for each element (eg, title, authors, abstract, headers) of an article according to journal style. An electronic composition operator then pulls the text, tables, and art together in the electronic composition system and arranges these elements into pages according to design and typographic specifications. These pages can be printed as page proofs, or can be sent electronically, for review and approval. For print publication, the pages can be transmitted electronically to a printer. For electronic publication, coded files are converted to an appropriate language (eg, HTML) or format (eg, PDF) for Web posting.