Geographic Names - AMA Manual of Style

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Geographic Names 

Geographic Names

Chapter:
Capitalization
Author(s):

Brenda Gregoline

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Geographic Names

Capitalize names of cities, towns, counties, states, countries, continents, islands, airports, peninsulas, bodies of water, mountains and mountain ranges, streets, parks, forests, canyons, dams, and regions.

the Antarctic

the Loop [Chicago]

Arabian Gulf

Mexico City

the Bay Area

Mississippi River

Central America

New Hampshire

the 23rd Congressional District

New York State [but: the state of New York]

Cook County

Oman or Sultanate of Oman [either is correct]

Dismal Swamp

Quebec City

El Paso

Saudi Arabia or Kingdom of Saudi Arabia [either is correct]

the Florida Panhandle

the Silk Route

Grand Canyon

Third World

Hoover Dam

United Kingdom

the Iron Curtain

Upstate New York

the Isle of Skye

the West Coast

Kennedy Expressway

LaGuardia International Airport

Lake Placid

If a common noun is capitalized in the singular, it is generally not capitalized in the plural.

Atlantic and Pacific oceans

Kennedy and Eisenhower expressways

Mississippi and Missouri rivers

Compass directions are not capitalized unless they are generally accepted terms for regions.

There is a large time difference between Europe and the Far East.

Walk east until you arrive at the lake.

There is no party like a West Coast party because a West Coast party doesn't stop.

He lives in northern Michigan.

The practice of meditation is finding followers in the Western world.

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