Cancer Stage - AMA Manual of Style

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Cancer Stage 


Harriet S. Meyer

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PRINTED FROM AMA MANUAL OF STYLE ONLINE ( © American Medical Association, 2009. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the license agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in AMA Manual of Style Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).  Subscriber: null; date: 25 November 2015

Cancer Stage

Cancer stages are expressed with the use of capital roman numerals:

stage I

stage II

stage III

stage IV

The term “stage 0” usually indicates carcinoma in situ.

Histologic grades are expressed with arabic numerals, eg, grade 2.

Letter and numerical suffixes, usually set on the line, may be added to subdivide individual cancer stages, as in the following examples:

stage 0a

stage 0is

stage IA

stage IE

stage IB2

stage IIIE+S

stage IVA

stage IVB

(E indicates extralymphatic spread; S, splenic involvement [as seen in Hodgkin disease]; “is,” in situ.)

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