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Contents

Jugular Venous Pulse 

Chapter:
Nomenclature
Author(s):

Harriet S. Meyer

The jugular venous pulse contours are expressed with italic single letters and roman words: a wave (atrial) x descent z point c wave x′ descent v wave (ventricular) y descent (or y trough) h waveExamples: prominent a wave giant a wave steep x descent increased v wave abrupt y descent

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