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Contents

Molecular Neuroscience

Chapter:
Nomenclature
Author(s):

Harriet S. Meyer

Molecular Neuroscience

The following terms are provided for reference (a major source is Nestler et al20) (see also 15.10, Molecular Medicine). Terms with asterisks need not be expanded; others should be expanded at first mention.

Term

Expansion or Explanation

α-adrenergic receptor, α receptor* (subtypes: α1A, α1B, α1D, α2A, α2B, α2C)

α-synuclein

A1, A2*

neuropeptide adenosine receptors (also known as purine receptors P1, P2; see also 15.6.1, Genetics, Nucleic Acids and Amino Acids)

ACh

acetylcholine

AChE

acetylcholinesterase

AMPA

α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid class of glutamate receptor

β-adrenergic receptor, β receptor* (subtypes: β1, β2, β3)

BDNF

brain-derived neurotrophic factor

CCR3, CCR5, CXCR4

chemokine receptors (see 15.8.1, Immunology, Chemokines)

Ch1 through Ch8

cholinergic nuclei

CNTF

ciliary neurotrophic factor

COMT

catechol-O-methyltransferase

cytokines

(see 15.8.4, Immunology, Cytokines)

δ-receptor

opioid δ receptor

D1 through D5

dopamine receptors

DAT

dopamine transporters

EAAT1 EAAT2 EAAT3 EAAT4 EAAT5

excitatory amino acid reuptake transporters

EGF

epidermal growth factor

GABA

γ-aminobutyric acid

GABAA, GABAB

GABA receptor classes

GABAergic

GABA-mediated

GABA-T

GABA transaminase

GAT-1, GAT-2, GAT-3, GAT-4

GABA family transporters

GDNF

glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor

GFR

GDNF-neurturin receptor

GIRKs

G protein-coupled Kir3 channels

H1, H2, H3

histamine receptors

5-HT

5-hydroxytryptamine, serotonin (preferred expansion)

5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, 5-HT2A, 5-HT5B, 5-HT7

5-HT receptors

5-HTT

serotonin transporter

5HTTLPR

a polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (LPR: length polymorphism region) (see also 15.6.2, Genetics, Human Gene Nomenclature)

interleukins

(see 15.8.4, Immunology, Cytokines)

IP3

inositol triphosphate

κ-receptor

opioid κ receptor

K(ATP) channel

potassium channel

K(Ca)

Ca2+-gated K+ channel

Kir1, Kir2, Kir3, Kir4, Kir5*

inwardly rectifying K+ channels

L channels, L-type channels*

large-current or long-open-time Ca2+ channels

μ-receptor

opioid μ receptor

M1 through M5*

muscarinic receptors

MAO

monoamine oxidase

MAOA, MAOB

major forms of MAO

N channels*

neuronal Ca2+ channels

nAChRs

nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

NET

norepinephrine GABA family transporter

neuromedin B*

neuromedin K*

neuropeptide Y*

NGF

nerve growth factor

NK1 NK2 NK3

neuromedin K tachykinin receptors

NMDA

N-methyl-d-aspartate class of glutamate receptor

nNOS (also NOS1)

neuronal nitric oxide synthetase

NSF

N-ethylmaleamide sensitive factor

NT-3, NT-4

neurotrophin 3 and neurotrophin 4

NTS1, NTS2

neurotensin receptors

P channels*

Purkinje Ca2+ channels

P1, P2*

neuropeptide purine receptors (also known as adenosine receptors A1, A2; see also 15.6.1, Genetics, Nucleic Acids and Amino Acids)

R-PTK

receptor-associated protein tyrosine kinase

σ-receptor

opioid σ receptor

SERT

serotonin GABA family transporter

SNAP-25

synaptosomal associated protein of 25 kDa

SNAPs

soluble NSF attachment proteins (note different expansion of SNAP than for SNAP-25)

SNARE proteins

SNAP receptors

SNAREpins

hairpin forms of SNARE proteins

substance P*

T channels*

transient Ca2+ channels

t-SNARES

t: target membranes

VAChT

vesicular transporters of ACh

VAMP

vesicle-associated membrane protein, synaptobrevin

VGAT

vesicular transporter for GABA

VGlutT1

vesicular transporter for glutamate

VMAT1

vesicular transporter for monoamines

v-SNARE

v: vesicle

Y1, Y2, Y4, Y5, Y6

neuropeptide Y receptors

Gene symbols for many of the above terms are found in the list of genes in 15.6.2, Genetics, Human Gene Nomenclature. For reference, gene symbols are given below for terms in the preceding list whose abbreviations do not closely resemble the gene symbol:

Term

Gene Symbol

A1

ADORA1

AMPA

GRIA1

δ receptor

OPRD1

D1

DRD1

H1

HRH1

5-HT1A

HTR1A

κ receptor

OPRK1

μ receptor

OPRM1

M1

CHRM1

nAChR

CHRNA1

neuromedin K

TAC3

NMDA

GRIN1

σ receptor

OPRS1

substance P

TAC1

transporters (various)

SLC genes (various, eg, SLC6A1)

Y1

NPY1R

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