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Units of Measure

Phil B. Fontanarosa

and Stacy Christiansen

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PRINTED FROM AMA MANUAL OF STYLE ONLINE ( © American Medical Association, 2009. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the license agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in AMA Manual of Style Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy). date: 01 December 2015

The calorie is the unit of measure often used in chemistry and biochemistry for reporting heat energy. A value of 1 calorie is the amount of energy (heat) required to raise the temperature of 1 g of pure water by 1°C. The joule is the preferred SI unit for energy, and calories and kilocalories may be converted to joules (J) and kilojoules (kJ) by using the following formulas: 1 calorie = 4.186 J 1 kilocalorie = 4.186 kJ JAMA and the Archives Journals prefer to report heat energy in calories or kilocalories. Formerly a distinction was made between this “small

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