Abstracts and Other Material Taken From Another Source
3.11.9 Abstracts and Other Material Taken From Another Source
Several types of published abstracts may be cited: (1) an abstract of a complete article taken from another publication, as in the Abstracts section of JAMA, (2) a rewritten abstract of a published article with an appended commentary, and (3) an abstract published in the society proceedings of a journal. (For examples of abstracts presented at meetings, published or unpublished, see 3.13.3, Special Print Materials, Serial Publications, and 3.13.8, Special Print Materials, Unpublished Material.)
Ideally, reference to any of these types of abstracts should be permitted only when the original article is not readily available (eg, non–English-language articles or papers presented at meetings but not yet published). If an abstract is published in the society proceedings section of a journal, the name of the society before which the paper was read need not be included, but see example 3 below if this information is included.
1. Abstract of a complete article taken from another publication:
1. Elner VM, Hassan AS, Frueh BR. Graded full-thickness anterior blepharotomy for upper eyelid retraction [abstract taken from Arch Ophthalmol. 2004;122(1):55-60]. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2004;6(4):277.
2. Rewritten abstract of a published article with an appended commentary:
2. Bigby ME. The end of the sunscreen and melanoma controversy [abstract of Dennis LK, Beane Freeman LD, VanBeek MJ. Sunscreen use and the risk for melanoma: a quantitative review. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139(12):966-978]. Arch Dermatol. 2004;140(6):745-746.
3. Abstract of a paper published in the society proceedings of a journal:
3. Fliesler SJ, Richards MJ, Peachey NS, Buchan B, Vaughan DK, Organisciak DT. Potentiation of retinal light damage in an animal model of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome [ARVO abstract 3373]. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001;42(suppl):S627.
Note: In example 3, the abstract number is also provided; if a number is included, it is placed in brackets along with the “abstract” designation. Also, example 3 has no issue number.