Unpublished Material - AMA Manual of Style

Subscriber Login

  • This account has no valid subscription for this site.

Forgotten your password?

Page of

Unpublished Material 


Cheryl Iverson

Page of

PRINTED FROM AMA MANUAL OF STYLE ONLINE (www.amamanualofstyle.com). © American Medical Association, 2009. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the license agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in AMA Manual of Style Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).  Subscriber: null; date: 02 December 2015

Unpublished Material

References to unpublished material may include articles or abstracts that have been presented at a society meeting but not published and material accepted for publication but not published. If, during the course of the publication process, these materials are published or accepted for publication, and if the author is familiar with the later version, the most up-to-date bibliographic information should be included.

Items Presented at a Meeting but Not Yet Published.

These oral or poster presentations take the following form:

  • 1. Durbin D, Kallan M, Elliott M, Arbogast K, Cornejo R, Winston F. Risk of injury to restrained children from passenger air bags. Paper presented at: 46th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Advancement for Automotive Medicine; September 20, 2002; Tempe, AZ.

  • 2. Weber KJ, Lee J, Decresce R, Subhasis M, Prinz R. Intraoperative PTH monitoring in parathyroid hyperplasia requires stricter criteria for success. Paper presented at: 25th Annual American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Meeting; April 6, 2004; Charlottesville, VA.

  • 3. Greenspan A, Eerdekens M, Mahmoud R. Is there an increased rate of cerebrovascular events among dementia patients? Poster presented at: 24th Congress of the Collegium Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum (CINP); June 20–24, 2004; Paris, France.

  • 4. Khuri FR, Lee JJ, Lippman SM, et al. Isotretinoin effects on head and neck cancer recurrence and second primary tumors. In: Proceedings from the American Society of Clinical Oncology; May 31-June 3, 2003; Chicago, IL. Abstract 359.

Once these presentations are published, they take the form of reference to a book, journal, or other medium in which they are ultimately published, as in example 5 (see 3.12.1, References to Print Books, Complete Data):

  • 5. Cionni RJ. Color perception in patients with UV- or blue-light-filtering IOLs. In: Symposium on Cataract, IOL, and Refractive Surgery. San Diego, CA: American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery; 2004. Abstract 337.

Material Accepted for Publication but Not Yet Published.

Formats suggested for both journal articles and books, accepted for publication but not yet published, are shown below:

  • 6. Carrau RL, Khidr A, Crawley JA, Hillson EM, Davis JK, Pashos CL. The impact of laryngopharyngeal reflux on patient-reported quality of life. Laryngoscope. In press.

  • 7. Ofri D. Incidental Findings: Lessons From My Patients in the Art of Medicine. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. In press.

Note: Some publications require that authors verify that acceptance for publication has been granted (authors sometimes confuse submitted with accepted).6,8 Some publishers also prefer the term forthcoming to in press because they feel that in press is not appropriate for electronic citations,6,8 but JAMA and the Archives Journals use in press for both forms.

Material Submitted for Publication but Not Yet Accepted.

In the list of references, do not include material that has been submitted for publication but has not yet been accepted. This material, with its date, should be noted in the text as “unpublished data,” as follows:

These findings have recently been corroborated (H. E. Marman, MD, unpublished data, January 2005).

Similar findings have been noted by Roberts6 and H. E. Marman, MD (unpublished data, 2005).

Numerous studies12-20 (also H. E. Marman, MD, unpublished data, 2005) have described similar findings.

If the unpublished data referred to are those of the author, indicate this as follows:

Other data (H.E.M., unpublished data, 2005).…

Previous | Next