3.16.3 Legislative Materials
The Library of Congress has a website (http://thomas.loc.gov) where legislative materials can be found.
Citation of Congressional Hearings.
Include the full title of the hearing, the subcommittee (if any) and committee names, the number and session of the Congress, the date, and a short description if desired.
1. Hearings Before the Consumer Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Commerce, 90th Cong, 1st Sess (1965) (testimony of William Stewart, MD, surgeon general).
2. Discrimination on the Basis of Pregnancy, 1977: Hearings on S995 Before the Subcommittee on Labor of the Senate Committee on Human Resources, 95th Cong, 1st Sess (1977) (statement of Ethel Walsh, vice-chairman, EEOC).
US Federal Bills and Resolutions.
Legislation not yet enacted should include the name of the bill (if available), the abbreviated name of the House of Representatives (HR) or the Senate (S), the number of the bill, the number of the legislative body, the session number (if available), the section (if any), and the year of publication.19
3. Medical Error Reduction Act of 2000, S 2038, 106th Cong, 2nd Sess (2000).
4. Voluntary Error Reduction and Improvement in Patient Safety Act, S 2743, 106th Cong, 2nd Sess (2000).
5. Stop All Frequent Errors (SAFE) in Medicare and Medicaid Act of 2000, S 2378, 106th Cong, 2nd Sess (2000).
Numbered US Federal Reports and Documents
6. HR Rep No. 99–253, pt 1, at 54 (1985).
7. Carlton Koepge [author]. The Road to Industrial Peace, HR Doc No. 82–563 (1953).1
US Federal Statutes.
Once a bill is enacted into law by the US Congress, it is integrated into the US Code (USC). Citations of statutes include the official name of the act, the title number (similar to a chapter number), the abbreviation of the code cited, the section number (designated by §), and the date of the code edition cited.
8. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, 42 USC §9601-9675 (1988).
The above example cites sections 9601–9675 of title 42 of the US Code.
If a federal statute has not yet been codified, cite to Statutes at Large (abbreviated Stat, preceded by a volume number, and followed by a page number), if available, and the Public Law number of the statute.
9. Pub L No. 93–627, 88 Stat 2126.
The name of the statute may be added if it provides clarification.
10. Labor Management Relations (Taft-Hartley) Act §301(a), 29 USC §185a (1988).
US Federal Administrative Regulations.
Federal regulations are published in the Federal Register and then codified in the Code of Federal Regulations. These references to the Federal Register are now treated as journal references (see 3.11, References to Print Journals).
11. Importation of fruits and vegetables. Fed Regist. 1995;60(51):14202-14209. To be codified at 7 CFR §300.
Regulations promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service retain their unique format. Temporary regulations must be denoted as such.
12. Treas Reg §1.72 (1963).
13. Temp Treas Reg §1.338 (1985).
US State Bills and Resolutions.
Legislation should include the name of the bill or resolution (if available), the abbreviated name of the House of Representatives (HR) or the Senate (S), the number of the bill, the number of the legislative body, the session number, and the state abbreviation and the year of enactment.19
14. HR 124, 179th Leg, 1st Sess (Pa 1995).
US State Statutes.
Table T.2 in The Bluebook19 lists examples for each state.
15. Ill Rev Stat ch 38, §2.
This is section 2 of chapter 38 of Illinois Revised Statutes.
16. Fla Stat §202.
This is section 202 of Florida Statutes.
17. Mich Comp Laws §145.
This is section 145 of Michigan Compiled Laws.
18. Wash Rev Code §45.
This is section 45 of Revised Code of Washington.
19. Cal Corp Code §300.
This is section 300 of California Corporations Code.
Citation forms for state administrative regulations are especially diverse. Again, Table T.2 in The Bluebook lists the appropriate form for each state.
Many legal materials, including some reports of cases and some administrative materials, are published by commercial services (eg, Commerce Clearing House), often in loose-leaf format. These services attempt to provide a comprehensive overview of rapidly changing areas of the law (eg, tax law, labor law, securities regulation) and are updated frequently, sometimes weekly. The citation should include the volume number of the service, its abbreviated title, the publisher’s name (also abbreviated), the paragraph or section or page number, and the date.
20. 7 Sec Reg Guide (P-H) ¶2333 (1984).
The above example cites volume 7, paragraph 2333, of the Securities Regulation Guide, published by Prentice-Hall in 1984.
21. 54 Ins L Rep (CCH) 137 (1979).
This is volume 54, page 137, of Insurance Law Reports, published by Commerce Clearing House in 1979.
22. 4 OSH Rep (BNA) 750 (1980).
This is volume 4, page 750, of the Occupational Safety and Health Reporter, published by the Bureau of National Affairs in 1980.
Law journal references follow the same rules as medical journal references. List the author(s) (if any), the title of the article, the name of the journal, the volume number, issue number (or date, if there is no issue number), and page number(s).
23. Doe v Westchester County Med Center, NY State Division of Human Rights. N Y Law J. December 26, 1990;91:30.
24. Studdert DM, Thomas EJ, Zbar BIW, et al. Can the United States afford a “no-fault” system of compensation for medical injury? Laws Contemp Probl. 1997;60(2):1-34.