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Retractions and Expressions of Concern.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
Item type: 
If the reference citation is to an article that has since been retracted or retracted and replaced, to an article for which there is an expression of concern, or to the retraction notice itself, use the appropriate example below. The ICMJE Recommendations note, “Ideally, the authors of the retraction should be the same as those of the article, but if they are unwilling or unable the editor may under certain circumstances accept retractions by other responsible persons, or the editor may be the sole author of the retraction or expression of concern.”...