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Study Design and Statistics.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
Item type: 
The essence of life is statistical improbability on a grand scale. Richard Dawkins 1 There are three kinds of lies: lies, damn lies, and statistics. Attributed to Disraeli by Mark Twain 1 In medical and health research, the quality of the statistical analysis and the presentation of results are critical to a study’s validity and influence. Decisions about statistical analysis are best made when studies are designed and should not occur after the data are collected. A fundamentally flawed study cannot be salvaged by statistical analysis. Regardless of the statistician’s role, authors are responsible for the appropriate design, analysis, and presentation of the study’s results....