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Abbreviations  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
eISBN: 
9780197507827
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190246556
The Abbreviations chapter of the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style begins by distinguishing between abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms and cautions against overuse of ... More

Abbreviations.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0037
Item type: 
section
To the Editor.—It seems to me that at the time that there are articles being considered (ABC), dutifully edited (DE), and found good (FG) for publication, an editor may show hesitation to interfere judiciously (HIJ), perhaps because he thinks his knowledge lacking (KL) compared with that of eminent members of national organizations (MNO), and, therefore, for the sake of peace, quiet, and restraint (PQR), he sets the text in unaltered version (STUV), thus failing to act the wise xenogogue (WX) and meekly accepting the yoke of zeitgeist (YZ)....
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Academic Degrees and Honors.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0038
Item type: 
section
Academic degrees are abbreviated in bylines and in the text when used with the full name of a person (see 13.6, Names and Titles of Persons). In some circumstances, however, use of the abbreviation alone is acceptable (eg, Krystal Goderitch is a doctor of medicine and also holds a PhD in biochemistry) (...

Agencies, Organizations, Foundations, Funding Bodies, and Others.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0045
Item type: 
section
Many organizations (eg, academies, associations, government agencies, research institutes) are known by abbreviations or acronyms rather than by their full names. Some of these organizations have identical abbreviations (eg, AHA for both American Heart Association and American Hospital Association). Therefore, to avoid confusion, the names of all organizations should be ...

Cities, States, Counties, Territories, Possessions, Provinces, Countries.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0042
Item type: 
section
At first mention, the name of a state, territory, possession, province, or country should be spelled out when it follows the name of a city. The JAMA Network journals do not add “United States” after the name of a US city and state. Journals differ in their preferences....

Clinical, Technical, and Other Common Terms.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0048
Item type: 
section
This compilation of clinical, technical, and other common terms and their abbreviations is not intended to be all-encompassing but is provided as a brief reference. There are many published listings of abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms (see 23.0, Resources). If searching the internet, choose an authoritative source because abbreviations may vary from entity to entity....

Collaborative Groups.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0046
Item type: 
section
Collaborative groups usually include study groups, multicenter trials, task forces, expert and ad hoc consensus groups, and periodic national and international health surveys. Such an entity’s abbreviation should be provided in addition to its full name, even if it appears only once in a manuscript. Because some of these groups are better recognized by their acronyms than by their full names, the acronym can be placed first, with the expansion in parentheses, contrary to the order usually recommended....

Commercial Firms.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0044
Item type: 
section
In the text, use the name of a company exactly as the company uses it, but omit the period after any abbreviations used, such as Co, Inc, Corp, and Ltd. Do not abbreviate these terms if the company spells them out (eg, Apothecus Pharmaceutical Corporation)....

Days of the Week, Months, Eras.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0040
Item type: 
section
Generally, days of the week and months are not abbreviated. The manuscript was received at JAMA’s editorial offices in late December 2017 and accepted for publication on January 6, 2018, after expedited peer review, revision, and discussion among the editors. Because of the importance of its topic, the article was published 2 weeks later, on Tuesday, January 20, 2018....

Elements and Chemicals.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0013.021.0050
Item type: 
section
In general, the names of chemical elements and compounds should be expanded in the text at first mention and elsewhere in accordance with the guidelines for clinical and technical terms (see 14.4.4, Chemical Names, and 14.9, Isotopes). However, in some circumstances, it may be helpful or necessary to provide the chemical symbols or formulas in addition to the expansion if the compound under discussion is new or relatively unknown or if no nonproprietary term exists....

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