This content has an associated quiz
Murmurs are graded from soft (lower grade) to loud (higher grade). Murmur grades are written in arabic numerals. Systolic murmurs may be graded from 1 to 6 (see Freeman and Levine5) and diastolic from 1 to 4. Murmurs may also be presented by means of a virgule construction to indicate highest grade, as in the following examples:...