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Basic Elements of Design.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.021.0005
Item type: 
section
The rules of typography are centuries old, and although the technologies have changed, the goal has always remained the same: a beautiful setting in the service of a pleasant and fruitful reading experience. James Felici 5 Typography is broadly defined as the composed arrangement and appearance of text and other elements on a surface that involves elements of design. The editor and graphic designer often cooperate in the process of creating the typography and design for a book, monograph, or journal (print or digital), with the goal of achieving a balance of form and readability....

Boldface.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.022.0009
Item type: 
section
A general scheme of headings and side headings may call for the use of boldface type for first- and second-level headings and for first-level side headings in the text, although heading styles and formats vary among publications (see 2.8, Parts of a Manuscript, Headings, Subheadings, and Side Headings). For example, the JAMA Network journals use the following headings:...

Capital (Uppercase).  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.022.0008
Item type: 
section
Capital (majuscule) letters are larger than lowercase letters and are used as initial letters in the first word of sentences and for proper names. They are also often used as the initial letter of major words in titles, headings, and subheadings. (Caput is Latin for head....

Color.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.022.0012
Item type: 
section
Although not technically a font type, color is another option to add emphasis, create hierarchy, and organize elements in a publication. Colored type on a white background does not have the same contrast as black type, so the white spaces around the letters can lose their clarity....

Editing and Proofreading Marks.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.021.0003
Item type: 
section
Corrections often need to be marked on manuscripts and typeset copy. The following marks are common in publishing and used by manuscript editors, production editors, proofreaders, and others involved in correcting copy. Previous | Next The following example shows how a proof was marked for corrections and how the corrected text appears in the revised proof....

Editing With XML.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.022.0002
Item type: 
section
XML (extensible markup language) is both machine and human readable, creating a structure and avenue for data exchange, transformation, and reuse. It provides rules for naming and defining parts of a document and their relationship with each other.1 XML uses tags in start-end pairs (such as <title>Title of the Article</title> and <body> </body>) to define the elements in that piece of content. In XML, all the content is enclosed with tags that identify what the data are (eg, the article’s title is tagged <title>Title of Article</title>). The tagged content can be validated using a schema or DTD (document-type definition). The DTD defines the overall structure of content and helps ensure consistency across documents. For example, the JAMA Network journals use a DTD based on the National Library of Medicine (NLM) DTD, which is endorsed by the National Information Standards Organization....

Editing, Proofreading, Tagging, and Display  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
eISBN: 
9780197507827
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190246556
The Editing, Proofreading, Tagging, and Display chapter of the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style covers topics that influence readability, design, and coding. The chapter begins with ... More

Electronic Editing Workflow.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.021.0002
Item type: 
section
Many software programs have text editing functionality that allows users to view edits and track changes. It is common for insertions to be underlined and deletions to be struck through. Each program offers tools to show or hide the editing marks, notes about formatting, and embedded comments. Some newer software programs permit collaborative writing and editing. How users (eg, authors and editors) respond to the editing depends on not only the software program but also the technologies and workflow involved. For example, manuscript editors at the JAMA Network send edited manuscripts to authors showing text insertions and deletions as well as embedded comments and questions as a PDF file. Authors can respond by using editing or commenting tools directly on the PDF; by printing it out, marking up the copy, scanning it, and returning via email; or by outlining corrections and query answers in an email. Authors are also provided with proofs that are generated programmatically to look like a composed proof for initial review before final composition and publication....

Electronic Editing.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.021.0001
Item type: 
section
Publishers and editors need to be cognizant of the various modes of delivery of their content (digital and/or print) and how the content will be used; they should then customize their processes accordingly.1 Many have discovered the benefits of having both print and digital products derived from a single source, which minimizes the possibility of discordant versions and allows for publication to different outputs quickly and accurately....

Italics.  

Stacy L. Christiansen

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0021.022.0010
Item type: 
section
Italics is a form of roman type style that slants to the right. Italics have multiple uses. However, setting large blocks of body text in italics should be avoided because legibility is reduced. Use italics as follows: ■ For level 4 heads (second-level sideheads) ■...

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