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Bacteria: Additional Terminology.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0082
Item type: 
section
For general guidelines on biological nomenclature that apply to bacteria, see 14.14.1, Biological Nomenclature. Rules for bacterial nomenclature are found in the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. 8 Sources of bacterial names available on the web are the List of Prokaryotic Names With Standing in Nomenclature...

Biological Nomenclature.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0081
Item type: 
section
Scientific names are short terms used in place of lengthy descriptions of species of animals, plants, and organisms. A scientific name is typically derived from Latin and corresponds to a set of formally defined attributes. The meanings of scientific names are internationally understood.1 In contrast, ...

Prions.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.2110
Item type: 
section
Disease names and abbreviations of spongiform encephalopathies are given in Table 14.14-14.1 , 17 , 18 , 19 (Do not confuse “kudu” and “kuru.”) The infectious agents of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are known as TSE agents or prions. The term prion (from “proteinaceous infectious particle”) reflects the agents’ proposed association or identity with spongiform encephalopathy–related pathologic proteins. Follow author preference for the terms ...

Virus Nomenclature.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.2090
Item type: 
section
UPDATE: Table 14.14-10. Viruses of Humans was updated to add a row entry for the newly identified severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The genus for SARS and MERS was updated to correctly list Betacoronavirus. These changes were made May 28, 2020 . Most medical articles describe concrete viral entities and, therefore, use the common (vernacular, informal) names of viruses (eg, cytomegalovirus, Hantaan virus, orthopoxviruses). To indicate taxonomic groups, formal virus names are used (eg, ...

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