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  • 19.1 The Manuscript: Presenting Study Design, Rationale, and Statistical Analysis. x
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Abstract.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0019.022.0002
Item type: 
section
Many readers will read only the abstract of a research article, so it should include as precise a summary of the content as possible. In addition, because readers may decide to review the entire article based on information in the abstract, it should be well written and carefully constructed....

Discussion.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0019.022.0006
Item type: 
section
Authors should address whether the hypothesis was supported or refuted by the study results or how the study question was answered. The study result should be placed in the context of published literature. The limitations of the study should be discussed, especially possible sources of ...

Introduction.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0019.022.0003
Item type: 
section
In the Introduction, briefly review the literature that documents the nature and importance of the research and rationale for the study. An extended full literature review belongs in the Discussion section. The study hypothesis or research question should be clearly stated in the last sentence(s) of the Introduction before the Methods section, preferably including the word ...

The Manuscript: Presenting Study Design, Rationale, and Statistical Analysis.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0019.021.0002
Item type: 
section
Each portion of the manuscript should facilitate the reader’s understanding of why and how the study was done and (1) clearly state a hypothesis or study question, (2) show that the methods adequately answer the research question and that the data were appropriately analyzed, (3) convince the reader that the results are valid and credible, and (4) place the implications of the research in context and show that the study limitations do not preclude interpretation of the results....

Methods.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0019.022.0004
Item type: 
section
The Methods section should include enough information to enable a knowledgeable reader to replicate the study and, given the original data, verify the reported results. Analyses should follow the Enhancing the Quality and Transparency of Health Research (EQUATOR) Network reporting guidelines4 and be consistent with the study protocol and statistical analysis plan or described as post hoc. Components should include as many of the following as are applicable to the study design:...

Results.  

Edward H. Livingston

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0019.022.0005
Item type: 
section
The Results section should begin with a brief description of the study participants or data assessed, with demographic information (eg, participants, mean [SD] age, and number [percentage] of female or male participants). In the reporting of results, when possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty, such as CIs. Authors should avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of ...

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