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Abbreviations.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0312
Item type: 
section
Avoid the use of abbreviations in the title and subtitle, unless space considerations require an exception or unless the title or subtitle includes the name of an entity or a group that is best known by its acronym. In both cases, the abbreviation should be expanded in the abstract and at the first appearance in the text (...

Abstract.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0037
Item type: 
section
In this age of electronic data dissemination and retrieval, in which abstracts are indexed and freely available, a well-written abstract is important in directing readers to articles of potential clinical and research interest and also for discoverability via online searching. The abstract of a research report summarizes the main points of an article: (1) the study objective or importance, (2) the study design and methods, (3) the primary results, and (4) the principal conclusions. Some journals may include funding at the end of the abstract or in the Methods section; others, like the JAMA Network journals, include this information in the Acknowledgment section (...

Academic Degrees.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0017
Item type: 
section
Journals should establish their own policies on the inclusion of authors’ academic degrees. The policy of the JAMA Network journals is as follows: The highest degree or professional certification follows each author’s name. If an author holds 2 doctoral degrees (eg, MD and PhD, MD and JD), either or both may be used, in the order preferred by the author. If the author has a doctorate, degrees at the master’s level are not usually included, although exceptions may be made when the master’s degree represents a specialized field or a field different from that represented by the doctorate (eg, MD, MPH)....

Acknowledgments (Article Information).  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0042
Item type: 
section
Acknowledgments is the blanket term used to cover the information that follows the body of the article and precedes the references and is also known as Article Information. For authors preparing manuscripts for submission, the Acknowledgment section may include information about the authors that is not included on the title page(s) (eg, author contributions and conflict of interest disclosures), information about the manuscript (eg, funding and role of sponsor), acknowledgment of nonauthor collaborators or other contributors, and any previous presentation of the material. The Acknowledgment section is considered a continuation of the text, so that abbreviations introduced in the text may stand without expansion here....

Addenda.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0041
Item type: 
section
Addenda may be material added to an article late in the publication process or material that is considered supplementary to the article. Note: An addendum is distinct from formal supplementary online material, although addenda may sometimes be presented as supplementary online material. For that, see ...

Additional Contributions.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0053
Item type: 
section
Acknowledgment of other contributions and forms of assistance (eg, statistical review, preparation of the report, performance of special tests or research, editorial or writing assistance, or clerical assistance) also should be included. When individuals are named, their given names and highest academic degrees (see ...

Additional Information (Miscellaneous Acknowledgments).  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0054
Item type: 
section
Occasionally, other types of information may be provided in the Acknowledgment section. However, permission or credit for reproduction of a figure or a table, even if modified, should be given in the figure legend or the table footnote, not in the Acknowledgment section (see ...

Ancillary Educational and Promotional Material.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0045
Item type: 
section
Many journals, in addition to educational and online supplemental content, may publish ancillary promotional materials, such as audio, video, and quizzes. In the JAMA Network journals, for example, these materials are called out on the first page of the print or PDF version of the article with a related link in the online version....

Appendixes.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0043
Item type: 
section
Some journals publish appendixes, at least occasionally, for material that might be considered ancillary to the content of the article itself (eg, derivation of a complex formula used in the article, a survey instrument used in a study, statistical modeling details). The JAMA Network journals generally do not use appendixes. If the material is worthy of inclusion because it contains important information, it could be considered for online supplemental content (...

Author Affiliation Notes.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0041
Item type: 
section
On the journal’s website, author affiliation notes or a link to the notes may appear just below the author names. Limited space on the first page of a print or PDF version of an article may sometimes preclude setting the author affiliation footnote on the first page. If the author affiliation footnote does not fit there, it should appear at the end of the article, after the acceptance date and the online-first or online-only information, if applicable....

Author Affiliations.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0022
Item type: 
section
For manuscript submission, the affiliations of all authors should be provided on the title page(s) or in the Acknowledgment section at the end of the manuscript. For publication, the institutions with which an author is professionally affiliated, including locations, are given in a footnote in the print or PDF version of an article (...

Author Bylines and End-of-Text Signatures.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0034
Item type: 
section
For manuscript submission, the complete names of all authors should be included in the manuscript, preferably on the title page(s), following the title, or as individual journals specify in their instructions for authors. In major articles, authors are listed in a byline, which typically appears immediately below the title or subtitle in print and online. For articles that have a large number of authors (eg, more than 50), there may not be space to list all authors below the title in the print or PDF version of the article, and the names may be listed at the end of the article. If authorship cannot appear on the first page of the print/PDF version of an article, an explicit statement about where to locate the complete list of authors should appear on page 1. For the print or PDF versions of some types of articles (eg, letters, editorials, book reviews, essays, poems, news stories), some journals may list the authors’ names as signatures (or in signature blocks) at the end of the text, rather than below the title. Authors’ names should not be presented with initials only, unless that is their preference. The JAMA Network journals publish complete author names and academic degrees for all authors. Some journals publish initials for first names and do not include academic degrees. Authors should consult specific journals for style and format and for instructions on how to list authors in submitted manuscripts (...

Author Contributions.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0044
Item type: 
section
Editors may ask authors to describe what each author contributed to the work, and the list of contributions may be published at the editor’s discretion. This is done in all JAMA Network journals (see 5.1.1, Authorship: Definition, Criteria, Contributions, and Requirements). The JAMA Network journals require authors of manuscripts reporting original research and reviews to provide an “access to data” statement (...

Author Footnotes.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.021.0035
Item type: 
section
The footnotes discussed below are intended for editors and production staff who manage placement of notes that may appear at the bottom of the first print or PDF page of major articles. On the journal’s website or for online-only journals, these are typically displayed in an Article Information section at the end of the article. Authors preparing manuscripts for submission may follow this general guidance as well and include this information on the title page(s) or Acknowledgment at the end of the manuscript (...

Authors’ Names.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0015
Item type: 
section
The byline or signature block should contain each author’s full name (unless initials are preferred to full names), including, for example, Jr, Sr, II, III, and middle initials, and highest academic degree(s). Authors should be consistent in the presentation of their names in all published works so that they can be recognized by indexers, bibliometric databases, repositories, search engines, and readers....

Authorship.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0016
Item type: 
section
All persons listed as authors should qualify for authorship (see 5.1, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, and 5.1.2, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Authorship Responsibility, Guest and Ghost Authors and Other Contributors), and the authors’ names should be consistently presented in all versions of the full text. The order of authors should be determined by the ...

Capitalization.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0323
Item type: 
section
Capitalize the first letter of each major word in titles and subtitles. Do not capitalize subsequent articles (eg, a, an, the), prepositions of 3 or fewer letters, coordinating conjunctions (and, or, for, nor, but, per), or the to in infinitives. Do capitalize a 2-letter verb, such as ...

Clinical Trial Registration Identifier in Abstracts.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0030
Item type: 
section
The JAMA Network journals require that for all manuscripts that report the results of clinical trials, the trial must be registered at an appropriate online public registry that is owned by a not-for-profit entity, is publicly accessible, and requires the minimum registration data set as described by the ICMJE....

Conflict of Interest Disclosures.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0045
Item type: 
section
Authors are expected to provide detailed information about “financial interests, activities, relationships, and affiliations (other than those affiliations listed in the title page of the manuscript), employment, affiliation, funding and grants received or pending, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.”...

Corrections.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0002.022.0040
Item type: 
section
If an article has been corrected since publication, this is noted formally in the Acknowledgment section and includes the date the error was fixed and a description of the error. Note: These notes do not replace the need for a published erratum (see 5.11.10...

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