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Abstracts From Another Source.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0077
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section
Several types of published abstracts may be cited: (1) an abstract of a complete article republished from another publication (perhaps accompanied by a commentary), (2) an abstract of an online-only article published in the print version of a journal to alert print-only readers, (3) a translated abstract published with full-text article in a different language, and (4) an abstract published in the society proceedings or other collection of a journal. (For examples of abstracts presented at meetings, published or unpublished, ...

Apps and Interactive Games.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0109
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section
The suggested format for citing apps and video games follows: 1. JN Listen app. American Medical Association. Updated March 1, 2019. 2. Davis’s Drug Guide With Updates & Calculators app. Version 1.18. Unbound Medicine Inc. Updated September 25, 2015. 3. That Dragon, Cancer. Numinous Games. 2016. Accessed August 17, 2016. ...
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Authors.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.021.0053
Item type: 
section
In reference lists, use the author’s surname followed by initials without periods. In listed references, the names of all authors should be given unless there are more than 6, in which case the names of the first 3 authors are used followed by “et al.” Note: The guidelines in ...

Bibliographic Grouping.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0057
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section
Each reference is divided with periods into bibliographic groups (see 3.4, Minimum Acceptable Data for References, for an illustration of these for the principal types of references). The period serves as a field delimiter, making each bibliographic group distinct and establishing a sequence of bibliographic elements in a reference. Bibliographic elements are the items within a bibliographic group. Bibliographic elements may be separated by the following punctuation marks:...

Citation of Cases.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0126
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section
The citation of a case (ie, a court opinion) generally includes the following, in order: ■ The name of the case (including the v) in italics; to shorten the case name, use only the name of the first party; omit “et al” and “the”; use only the last names of individuals...
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Citation.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.021.0052
Item type: 
section
Each reference should be cited in the text, figures, tables, or boxes in consecutive numerical order by means of superscript arabic numerals. It is acceptable for a reference to be cited only in a figure, table, or box and not in the text if it is in sequence with references cited in the text. For example, if Table 2 contains reference 13, which does not appear in the text, this is acceptable as long as the last reference cited (for the first time) before the first text citation of Table 2 is reference 12....

Classical References.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0106
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section
References to classical works may deviate from the usual forms in some details. In many instances, the facts of publication are irrelevant and may be omitted. Date of publication should be given when available and pertinent. 1. Shakespeare W. A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Act 2, scene 3, line 24....

Complete Data.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0084
Item type: 
section
A complete reference to a book includes the following: ■ Chapter authors’ surnames and initials (the names of all authors should be given unless there are more than 6, in which case the names of the first 3 authors are used, followed by “et al”)...

Complete Data.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0068
Item type: 
section
A complete reference to a journal article includes the following: ■ Authors’ surnames and initials (the names of all authors should be given unless there are more than 6, in which case the names of the first 3 authors are used, followed by “et al”)...

Conference Proceedings Online, Webinars, and Other Presentations.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0103
Item type: 
section
These are treated much the same as a “presented at” reference (see 3.13.9, Special Materials, Meeting Presentations and Other Unpublished Material), with the addition of the accessed date and the URL. 1. Morales M, Zhou X. Health practices of immigrant women: indigenous knowledge in an urban environment. Paper presented at: 78th Association for Information Science and Technology Annual Meeting; November 6-10, 2015; St Louis, MO. Accessed March 15, 2016. ...

Corrections.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0081
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section
UPDATE: In chapter 3.11.14, Corrections, the language in this section was updated to indicate that the “published correction” language and additional citation does not need to be appended to the original article. The first reference was updated to reflect this change plus addition of the doi. This change was made ...

Databases.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0120
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section
The international consortium known as DataCite released the DC Data Citation Principles 17 and recommends the following for data citation: 1. Importance Data should be considered legitimate, citable products of research. Data citations should be accorded the same importance in the scholarly record as citations of other research objects, such as publications....

Discontinuous Pagination.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0072
Item type: 
section
For an article with discontinuous pagination in a single issue, follow the style shown in the examples below: 1. Buster KJ, Stevens EI, Elmets CA. Dermatologic health disparities. Dermatol Clin. 2012;30(1):53-59, viii. doi:10.1016/j.det.2011.08.002 2. Baldwin HE. Systemic therapy for rosacea. Skin Therapy Lett. 2007;12(2):1-5, 9....

Discussants.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0079
Item type: 
section
If a reference citation in the text names a discussant specifically rather than the author(s), eg, “as noted by Easter,1” the following form is used: 1. Easter DW. In discussion of: Farley DR, Greenlee SM, Larson DR, Harrington JR. Double-blind, prospective, randomized study of warmed humidified carbon dioxide insufflation vs standard carbon dioxide for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. ...

DOI.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0113
Item type: 
section
Many publishers are using other less transient identifiers instead of, or in addition to, URLs. Among these are the DOI (digital object identifier) and the PMID (PubMed identification number). The DOI system “provides an infrastructure for persistent unique identification of objects of any type.”14...

Duplicate Publication.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0083
Item type: 
section
The following form is suggested for citation of a notice of duplicate publication (see 5.3, Ethical and Legal Considerations, Duplicate Publication and Submission). 1. Shariat SF, Roehrborn CG, Lamb DJ, Slawin KM. Notice of duplicate publication: Potentially harmful effect of a testosterone dietary supplement on prostate cancer growth and metastasis. ...

Edition Number.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0090
Item type: 
section
Use arabic numerals to indicate an edition, even if the publisher has used roman numerals, but do not indicate a first edition. If a subsequent edition is cited, the number should be given. Abbreviate “New revised edition” as “New rev ed,” “Revised edition” as “Rev ed,” “American edition” as “American ed,” and “British edition” as “British ed.”...

Editors and Translators.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0088
Item type: 
section
Names of editors, translators, translator-editors, or executive, consulting, and section editors are given as follows: 1. Plato. The Laws. Taylor EA, trans-ed. JM Dent & Sons Ltd; 1934:104-105. [Plato is the author; Taylor is the translator-editor.] 2. Blumenthal DK, Garrison JC. Pharmacodynamics: molecular mechanisms of drug actions. In: Bunton LL, ed. Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, associate eds. ...

Electronic Books, Books Online, Audiobooks, and Books on Tape or CD.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.022.0094
Item type: 
section
The basic format for references to books published via media other than print is as follows: ■ Authors’ surnames and initials (the names of all authors should be given unless there are more than 6, in which case the names of the first 3 authors are used, followed by “et al”) or name of the group if the author is a group...
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Electronic References.  

Lauren Fischer and Paul Frank

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0003.021.0061
Item type: 
section
Electronic references are much more common since the publication of the 10th edition of this manual. Many journal articles are now published online before appearing in a printed publication with traditional pagination and volume and issue numbers. The internet has allowed publishers to use more innovative means to disseminate information, including interactive content, supplements, podcasts, and videos. Because electronic references are ubiquitous, examples have been integrated throughout this revised chapter where appropriate. ...

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