Stacy Christiansen and Connie Manno
Many journals, including the JAMA Network journals, use separate titles and legends (also known as captions) to describe and clarify figures. Others combine the title and legend underneath the figure.
The figure title follows the designation “Figure” numbered consecutively (ie, Figure 1, Figure 2) and does not appear in the figure itself. Articles that contain a single figure use the designator “Figure” (not “Figure 1”). The title is a succinct clause or phrase (perhaps 10-15 words) that identifies the specific topic of the figure or describes what the data show. In the JAMA Network journals, each major word in a figure title is capitalized and follows the same rules as for article titles (...