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Access to Data Requirement.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0194
Item type: 
section
For all reports, regardless of funding source, that contain original data (research and systematic reviews), at least 1 named author should indicate that she or he “had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis”...

Conflicts of Interest.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.021.0079
Item type: 
section
Of all the causes which conspire to blind Man’s erring judgment, and misguide the mind, What the weak head with strongest bias rules, Is pride, the never-failing vice of fools. Alexander Pope 1 A conflict of interest occurs when an individual’s objectivity is potentially, but not necessarily, compromised by a desire for prominence, professional advancement, financial gain, or a successful outcome. Conflicts of interest that arise from personal or financial relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion are not uncommon in science. In biomedical publication, a conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution, employer, or funder) has financial or other relationships that could influence (or bias) the author’s decisions, work, or manuscript....

Definition, History, and Rationale for Journal Policies.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0190
Item type: 
section
A conflict of interest occurs when an individual’s objectivity is potentially, but not necessarily, compromised by a desire for prominence, professional advancement, financial gain, or a successful outcome. Conflicts of interest that arise from personal or financial relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion are not uncommon in science. In biomedical publication, a conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution, employer, or funder) has financial or other relationships that could influence (or bias) the author’s decisions, work, or manuscript....

Handling Failure to Disclose Conflicts of Interest.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0197
Item type: 
section
In the event that an undisclosed conflict of interest on the part of an author is brought to the editor’s attention (usually during the review process), the editor should remind the author of the journal’s policy and ask the author if he or she has anything to disclose. The author’s reply may affect the editorial decision on whether to publish the manuscript....

Reporting Funding, Sponsorship, and Other Support.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0192
Item type: 
section
In addition to individual financial conflicts of interest, authors should report all financial and material support for the work reported in the manuscript. This support includes, but is not limited to, grant support and funding, provision of equipment and supplies, and other paid contributions.2...

Reporting the Role of the Funder/Sponsor.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0193
Item type: 
section
In the interest of full disclosure, the ICMJE recommends that authors report how funders and sponsors have participated in the work reported in a specific manuscript.2 , 43 Journals should require authors to indicate the role of the sponsor/funding organization in each of the following: “design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.”...

Requirements for Authors.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0191
Item type: 
section
Authors should disclose all conflicts of interest related to the subject in the manuscript at the time of manuscript submission (if so required by the journal), in a cover letter to the editor, or on the journal’s disclosure form (if the journal uses one). Journals should define conflicts of interest and the types of disclosures required (eg, all types of conflicts of interest or only financial interests) in their instructions for authors and in any disclosure forms. For example, the JAMA Network journals require authors to include all relevant financial interests, activities, relationships, and affiliations (other than those affiliations listed on the title page of the manuscript) in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript so that all involved in reviewing manuscripts (editors and peer reviewers) can see the disclosure....

Requirements for Editors and Editorial Board Members.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0196
Item type: 
section
Editors may also have their objectivity influenced or biased by conflicts of interest.45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50 As a result, the ICMJE, CSE, and WAME recommend that editors follow policies on conflicts of interest that require disclosure of all relevant conflicts of interest (financial ...

Requirements for Peer Reviewers.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0195
Item type: 
section
Following the recommendations of the ICMJE, CSE, and WAME, reviewers should disclose conflicts of interest in reviewing specific manuscripts and disqualify themselves from a specific review if necessary.2 , 34 , 36 Reviewers should never use information obtained from an unpublished manuscript to further their own interests. Following the same rationale applied to authors, reviewers should state explicitly if they have no relevant conflicts of interest to disclose....

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