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Embargo.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0265
Item type: 
section
A news embargo is an agreement between journals and news reporters and their organizations not to report information contained in a manuscript that has been accepted but not yet published until a specified date and time in exchange for advance access to the information. Among medical journals, the embargo system may have been initiated by Morris Fishbein, MD, editor of ...

Expedited Publication and Release of Information.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0264
Item type: 
section
Many journals have policies to expedite the evaluation and publication of manuscripts deemed worthy of accelerated dissemination, including release of an article online ahead of an established publication schedule.20 Editors should use consistent and orderly policies and procedures to identify manuscripts that contain such information; expedite the editorial, peer review, and publication process; coordinate timing with the authors; and, if feasible, notify and provide controlled advance access to journalists....

News Releases.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0267
Item type: 
section
Many journals issue news releases on selected articles determined by the editors to be of interest to the public. For example, experienced science writers prepare news releases for selected articles published in the JAMA Network journals, and these news releases are reviewed by the editors to ensure accuracy and objectivity. Some journals may also ask authors to review news releases to check for accuracy. News releases of journal editorial content should be under the authority of the editor, not the journal’s publisher or owner (...

Release of Information to the Public and Relations With the News Media.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.021.0087
Item type: 
section
Most people understand science and technology less through direct experience than through the filter of journalism. . . . Journalists are, in effect, brokers, framing social reality and shaping the public consciousness about science. Dorothy Nelkin 1 Public interest in health, health care, and medical science is substantial, and there are many challenges to the effective and fair communication of scientific information to professionals, news media, and the public. The quality of this communication has traditionally begun with a journal article. Flawed, incomplete, or biased research publications in journals without editorial balance or explanation set the stage for poor communication to professionals and the news media. Inaccurate, incomplete, or exaggerated news reporting can mislead the public about the importance or even the meaning of scientific information. Major changes in the media landscape undermine the quality of news. Economic pressures from declining circulation have led many newspapers to eliminate health and science news sections, resulting in a loss of news editors and journalists with expertise in the critical evaluation of medical research and a very limited number of journalists trained as scientists or health care professionals. Increasingly, science news is provided by reporters or bloggers who may have limited understanding of science, medicine, ...

Release of Information to the Public.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0263
Item type: 
section
In many ways, biomedical journals and their editors act as gatekeepers for the release of scientific information to their readers and the public. However, conflicts often arise between journal editors (who have an ethical duty to ensure that the information they publish has been appropriately peer reviewed and assessed for quality) and authors and scientists (who want to disseminate their findings as widely and quickly as possible) and between editors and news reporters (who want to deliver information about new scientific developments as widely and quickly as possible). The announcement of “scientific breakthroughs” at press conferences or through press releases before the data that support the supposed advance have been evaluated and published in a peer-reviewed journal may cause confusion for the public (who may be given misleading or inaccurate information), news media (who may give undue attention to an inaccurate or incomplete claim), journal editors (who may have a policy that discourages publication of data that have already been reported in the press), and investigators (who may forfeit their chance for publication in a reputable peer-reviewed journal by choosing to publish by press conference or through news releases)....

Suggestions for Authors Interacting With the News Media.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0266
Item type: 
section
The following recommendations are provided for interactions between authors and the news media.20 , 25 , 32 , 33 ■ Authors should abide by agreements with most journals to not publicize their work while their manuscript describing the work is under consideration or awaiting publication by a journal. If authors have any questions about release of such information, they should contact the journal’s editorial office....

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