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Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin
If the editors decide to request a revision of a submitted manuscript, the authors should receive detailed recommendations from the editor about what is expected in the revision, instructions about how to improve the manuscript, and detailed comments from the peer reviewers. Guidance from the editor is particularly important if recommendations from the peer reviewers are discordant. In addition, at some journals, the editorial staff may conduct internal review of the manuscript and provide additional detailed comments regarding manuscript format, methods, data analysis, interpretation, presentation, and other issues for improving the manuscript. Authors are usually requested to submit a detailed response that addresses the comments, indicates how the revisions were completed, and provides reasons for any suggested revisions not undertaken when they return the revised manuscript. In most cases, it is advantageous for the authors to revise the manuscript promptly and thoroughly and to submit the revised manuscript within a relatively short time, perhaps 2 or 3 weeks....