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Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin
Postpublication review in peer-reviewed journals may include several potential mechanisms: letters to the editor about the published article that identify flaws, raise additional substantive concerns, or discuss additional important implications of the findings; online responses to published articles; efforts to replicate the work; and the reactions from clinicians applying the information in practice. Such evaluations are important for ensuring responsible scientific dialogue about published articles. Journals should encourage submission of letters to the editor raising issues and questions about published articles, and authors of the published article should be encouraged to prepare responses to those critiques. Publication of these scientific exchanges in the Letters section provides an avenue for postpublication review and discussion (...