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Apgar Score.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0078
Item type: 
section
This score4 (pp594-595)- 7 is an assessment of a newborn’s physical well-being based on the 5 factors of heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color, each of which is rated 0, 1, or 2; the 5 ratings are then summed. The Apgar score is often reported as 2 numbers, from 0 to 10, separated by a virgule, reflecting assessment at 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth. In general medical journals, however, it is best to specify the intervals, especially because the Apgar score may be assessed at other intervals (eg, 10, 15, or 20 minutes)....

Birth Weight.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0079
Item type: 
section
Birth weight is defined as the weight of a neonate immediately after delivery. It should be expressed to the nearest gram.4 (p3), 5 (p499) Low birth weight: weight less than 2500 g Very low birth weight: weight less than 1500 g Extremely low birth weight: weight less than 1000 g...

GPA.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0076
Item type: 
section
The letters G, P, and A (or Ab) accompanied by numbers indicate number of pregnancies; number of pregnancies reaching viable gestational age, including live births and stillbirths; and number of spontaneous or induced abortions, respectively. Definitions of viability vary, however, and in articles “the outcome of any pregnancy that did not end normally”...

Obstetric Terms.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.021.0019
Item type: 
section
Two colloquial shorthand expressions quantify an individual’s pregnancy history: GPA and TPAL. The GPA and TPAL expressions are familiar and widely used clinically. However, they are also recognized as imprecise and lacking in standardization.1 , 2 , 3 Previous | Next The letters G, P, and A (or Ab) accompanied by numbers indicate number of pregnancies; number of pregnancies reaching viable gestational age, including live births and stillbirths; and number of spontaneous or induced abortions, respectively. Definitions of viability vary, however, and in articles “the outcome of any pregnancy that did not end normally”...

Term Pregnancy.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0080
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section
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine9 discourage use of the general label term pregnancy and instead recommend more specific descriptions: Early term: between 37 weeks 0 days and 38 weeks 6 days’ gestation Full term: between 39 weeks 0 days and 40 weeks 6 days’ gestation...

TPAL.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0077
Item type: 
section
The letters in this expression indicate obstetric history as follows: Often, 4 numbers separated by hyphens are recorded, as in the following: TPAL: 3-1-1-4 or 3-1-1-4 This expression indicates 3 term births, 1 premature birth, 1 abortion, and 4 living children. However, the text of a manuscript should define the numerical expressions and not give the numbers alone....

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