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Access to Data Statement.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0170
Item type: 
section
The ICMJE recommends that journals ask authors whether they “had access to the study data, with an explanation of the nature and extent of access, including whether access is on-going.”9 Consistent with this recommendation, the JAMA Network journals require at least 1 named author (eg, the principal investigator), and preferably no more than 2 authors, to indicate that she or he had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis for all reports that contain original data (eg, research articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses). This information should be published in the Acknowledgment section (...

Acknowledging Support, Assistance, and Contributions of Those Who Are Not Authors.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0166
Item type: 
section
In the Acknowledgment, authors identify important sources of financial and material support and assistance and give credit to all persons who have made substantial contributions to the work but who are not authors.1 , 2 Contributions commonly recognized in the Acknowledgment section include the following:...

Acknowledgment Elements and Order of Elements.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0173
Item type: 
section
An example of the Acknowledgment section, including all possible elements, as it would appear in the JAMA Network journals is shown in Box 5.2-1. In print or PDF versions of journal articles, author affiliations and correspondence information typically are published on the title page (or first page) of an article. However, in some cases (eg, articles with lengthy abstracts and author bylines) and in some journals (due to design considerations), there may not be sufficient room for all this information, and it may be published in the Acknowledgment section at the end of the article with a note indicating such on the first page of the article. Online, the author information and Acknowledgment section usually appear at the end of the article before the reference list and may be hyperlinked from the list of authors at the beginning of the article. These sections have various names, such as Acknowledgment, Article Information, and Endnotes....

Acknowledgments.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.021.0076
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section
If you wish your merit to be known, acknowledge that of other people. Proverb In scientific publication, Acknowledgments typically are used to list grant or funding support, donors of equipment or supplies, technical assistance, and important specific contributions from individuals who do not qualify for authorship (...

Author Contributions.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0168
Item type: 
section
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) encourages authors and journals to disclose authors’ individual contributions to the work reported in published articles.9 Following this and other recommendations, a number of journals publish lists of author contributions in the article’s Acknowledgment or Article Information section....

Authors’ Conflict of Interest Disclosures.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0169
Item type: 
section
Authors’ conflict of interest disclosure statements should be published with articles in a consistent manner.9 For example, some journals include authors’ conflict of interest disclosures in the Acknowledgment section at the end of the article. These journals require authors to include all potential conflicts of interest, including specific financial interests and relationships and affiliations (other than those affiliations listed on the title page of the manuscript) relevant to the subject of their manuscript, in the Acknowledgment section at the time the manuscript is submitted. Authors without conflicts of interest, including specific financial interests and relationships and affiliations relevant to the subject of their manuscript, should include a statement of no such conflicts of interests in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript...

Data Sharing Statement.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0172
Item type: 
section
For reports of randomized clinical trials, the ICMJE recommends that authors of clinical trials provide a data sharing statement with submitted manuscripts and indicate if data, including individual patient data, a data dictionary that defines each field in the data set, and supporting documentation, will be made available to others; when, where, and how the data will be available; types of analyses that are permitted; and if there will be any restrictions on the use of the data....

Funding and Role of Funders and Sponsors.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0171
Item type: 
section
Information about funding, sponsorship, or other financial or material support should also be clearly and completely identified in the Acknowledgment section.9 , 10 , 11 Some journals require this to be reported in the Methods section. For all manuscripts that are funded by commercial, governmental, or private entities, a description of the role of the sponsor(s) in the work reported and the preparation, submission, and review of the manuscript should be published as well. For example, for all funded manuscripts, including letters to the editor, the JAMA Network journals require the corresponding author to indicate the role of the funder or sponsor in each of the following:...

Group and Collaborative Author Lists.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0167
Item type: 
section
A list of participants in a collaborative group may also be included in the Acknowledgment5 , 6 (see 5.1.9, Group and Collaborative Authorship). However, a lengthy acknowledgment may occupy an excessive amount of article space, especially for print journals with set page budgets or limits. Some have previously proposed limits on the length of an acknowledgment (eg, 1 column of a journal page or 600 words of reduced type),...

Permission to Name Individuals.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0174
Item type: 
section
Identification of individuals in an Acknowledgment may imply their endorsement of the article’s content. Thus, persons should not be listed in an acknowledgment without their knowledge and consent. For this reason, the ICMJE and the JAMA Network journals require the corresponding author to obtain written permission from any individuals named in the Acknowledgment section and to certify in writing to the editor that such permission has been obtained....

Personal Communication and Credit Lines.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0175
Item type: 
section
Following the rationale that including a person’s name in an acknowledgment may imply endorsement of a manuscript’s content, citing an individual’s name in a personal communication citation may carry the same implication. The ICMJE recommends that authors who name an individual as a source for information in a personal communication, whether through conversation, telephone call, or a letter sent by electronic communication, obtain written permission from that individual to be named....

Standards for Tagging Metadata in Acknowledgments.  

Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0005.022.0176
Item type: 
section
To ensure appropriate display in print and online journals as well as indexing, search, and retrieval in bibliometric databases, journals should follow standards for tagging (coding) to identify the Acknowledgment or Article Information section and important elements, such as author conflict of interest disclosures, funding or sponsorship information, lists of nonauthor collaborators, and group author information. The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and the National Library of Medicine have produced the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS)...

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