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Appealing an Editorial Decision.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0274
Item type: 
section
If a manuscript is rejected, authors occasionally will appeal the decision and request reconsideration, most often because they perceive that the reviewers or the editor may have misjudged the importance of the submission. Journals should develop procedures for responding to these requests for appeal of editorial decisions. The editor in chief should be involved in the evaluation of the authors’ request for reconsideration and the reasons for the request, with careful reassessment of the initial manuscript and the comments of the peer reviewers and detailed discussion with the editor who rendered the initial decision. In most cases, the initial editorial decision is upheld, unless the authors can provide objective and compelling grounds for reconsideration of the original decision, particularly if they can provide new data or new analyses, as opposed to differences of opinion about editorial priority (...
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Corrections.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0276
Item type: 
section
As part of postpublication review, errors may be identified by authors or readers, editors, or other sources. Correction of errors is important to ensure the accuracy of the scientific record.10 In most cases, corrections are minor and straightforward. The Correction notice is listed in the Table of Contents (in print, online, or both), and the Correction should be published in a specific section. For example, the JAMA Network journals publish Corrections at the end of the Letters section. Corrections should be indexed, with a reference and online link to the original article, thereby enabling online database services (such as MEDLINE) to link indexed articles with published corrections (...
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Editorial Assessment.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.021.0125
Item type: 
section
Editorial assessment of a manuscript ordinarily consists of 3 phases: initial editorial review, peer review, and editorial assessment and decision-making (Figure 6.1-1). During the initial editorial review, editors assess submitted manuscripts for overall quality and appropriateness for the readership of the journal. Manuscripts that do not pass this initial editorial review are rejected, whereas those that pass this initial evaluation proceed to the peer review phase. Peer review (...
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Editorial Decisions.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0272
Item type: 
section
On the basis of the evaluation of the manuscript by the editors and, for manuscripts that have undergone peer review, consideration of the comments of the peer reviewers, submitted manuscripts are rejected, returned to authors with an invitation to submit a revised manuscript, or, on rare occasions, accepted without revision. For some journals, a substantial proportion of manuscripts are rejected on the basis of the initial editorial review and assessment, a smaller proportion are rejected after peer review, and an even smaller proportion proceed to revision and reevaluation....
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Manuscript Assessment Criteria.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0270
Item type: 
section
Several criteria are central to the evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication, including importance, validity, and quality. Assessment of importance involves determining whether the manuscript reports information that represents a scientific advance (recognizing that individual articles usually convey only small advances), has clinical relevance (if the journal is to be read and the information used by practicing clinicians), is sufficiently novel to add new scientific information to the field, and will likely be of interest to readers. An additional component of importance is ...
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Peer Review.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0271
Item type: 
section
Peer review was first used for biomedical publications by the Royal Societies of London and Edinburgh in the 18th century but evolved haphazardly, was not used consistently until after World War II,1 , 2 and has only come under scientific scrutiny since the 1980s.3...
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Postpublication Review.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0275
Item type: 
section
Postpublication review in peer-reviewed journals may include several potential mechanisms: letters to the editor about the published article that identify flaws, raise additional substantive concerns, or discuss additional important implications of the findings; online responses to published articles; efforts to replicate the work; and the reactions from clinicians applying the information in practice. Such evaluations are important for ensuring responsible scientific dialogue about published articles. Journals should encourage submission of letters to the editor raising issues and questions about published articles, and authors of the published article should be encouraged to prepare responses to those critiques. Publication of these scientific exchanges in the Letters section provides an avenue for postpublication review and discussion (...
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Revisions.  

Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0006.022.0273
Item type: 
section
If the editors decide to request a revision of a submitted manuscript, the authors should receive detailed recommendations from the editor about what is expected in the revision, instructions about how to improve the manuscript, and detailed comments from the peer reviewers. Guidance from the editor is particularly important if recommendations from the peer reviewers are discordant. In addition, at some journals, the editorial staff may conduct internal review of the manuscript and provide additional detailed comments regarding manuscript format, methods, data analysis, interpretation, presentation, and other issues for improving the manuscript. Authors are usually requested to submit a detailed response that addresses the comments, indicates how the revisions were completed, and provides reasons for any suggested revisions not undertaken when they return the revised manuscript. In most cases, it is advantageous for the authors to revise the manuscript promptly and thoroughly and to submit the revised manuscript within a relatively short time, perhaps 2 or 3 weeks....

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