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Editorials (or Invited Commentaries).  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0006
Item type: 
section
Editorials represent important opinion articles in scientific journals and generally serve 2 primary purposes.3 Editorials written by the editor of the journal or a member of the editorial staff may communicate information about the journal or about journal policies or procedures or may present the views of the editors or editorial staff about an issue relevant to journal readers or about an article the journal has published. Editorials also may be written by authors who are not members of the editorial staff but who are invited to provide an authoritative discussion and opinion about an accompanying article or about another topic. In most cases, these invited Editorials (also referred to as Invited Commentaries in some journals) accompany research articles or other articles being published by the journal and ordinarily serve to provide balance, additional context, and caveats about the importance and implications of the accompanying article. At times, invited editorialists may be asked to comment on separate topics of interest to the journal readers or editors....

Letters.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0008
Item type: 
section
“Responsible debate, critique and disagreement are important features of science, and journal editors should encourage such discourse ideally within their own journals about the material they have published,” according to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.4 The correspondence section can include letters to the editor, responses from authors, and online comments and should provide readers with a mechanism for submitting comments, questions, or criticisms about published articles....

Narrative Reviews.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0003
Item type: 
section
Narrative reviews in medical journals provide an up-to-date review that involves a specific question or issue relevant for clinical practice from the perspective of recognized experts in the topic. Although a systematic review of the literature is not necessarily required, recommendations should be supported with current evidence and based on recent research, systematic reviews, and guidelines....

Opinion Articles.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.021.0005
Item type: 
section
Opinion articles are a major component of many journals and may serve many purposes, such as addressing topics of interest to readers, serving as a forum for discussion and debate of controversial issues, presenting authoritative and informative commentary on timely topics, providing insight and context about other published articles, and communicating information about the journal or about important topics from the editors. By communicating and highlighting important issues, opinion articles impart timeliness and vibrancy to a journal. In general, to be most effective, opinion articles should be focused, present a logical argument, and be brief. As the focus decreases, as the argument becomes less compelling, and as the length increases, the level of reader interest in the opinion article will most likely decline....

Other Article Types.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.021.0007
Item type: 
section
Journals also publish other articles and items that are relevant for their readers and may not fit into any of these categories. Examples may include news articles, educational articles, quizzes, book/media reviews, or poetry; articles intended for use by other potential readers, such as information for the public or for patients; or information in other formats, such as video, audio, and interactive material. Each of these other types of articles and material should follow consistent structure and format....

Other Substantive Article Types (Nonresearch, Nonreview).  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.021.0004
Item type: 
section
Articles that present substantive content but do not include the methodologic approaches used in original research reports or the comprehensiveness of systematic reviews are common in biomedical journals. For instance, the Clinical Review and Education section of the JAMA Network journals includes a variety of diverse types of articles, ranging from longer, detailed reports that summarize available evidence on a topic to shorter reports that have an educational focus....

Personal Vignettes and Reflections.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0007
Item type: 
section
Opinion articles based on personal experiences, anecdotes, or vignettes represent the importance of including narrative in scientific and biomedical journals and may be used to illustrate teaching points. For instance, most essays published as A Piece of My Mind articles in JAMA or as On My Mind articles in ...

Research Letters.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0009
Item type: 
section
Some journals also include brief articles that report original research data in a concise manner. For example, the JAMA Network journals classify these as Research Letters.6 These reports contain brief Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections; are peer reviewed and subject to editorial review, like other research reports; and have limitations for length, number of references, and numbers of tables and figures. Research letters are indexed in bibliometric databases and may be an effective way for authors to publish concise, focused reports of studies....

Research Reports.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.021.0002
Item type: 
section
Articles that report the results of original research investigations are perhaps the most important types of articles published by scientific journals. These articles advance scientific knowledge and, in medical journals, help inform clinical practice and advance patient care. Journals often categorize reports that present data from scientific research as Original Investigations (or Original Articles, Research Reports, or a similar designation) to emphasize the new findings these articles communicate....

Reviews.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.021.0003
Item type: 
section
Review articles identify, synthesize, and summarize the available evidence and information about a specific topic. In biomedical journals, clinically based reviews have practical importance because practitioners may use these articles as guides for staying current with clinical information and helping inform decisions that involve clinical diagnosis and treatment. Depending on the journal, reviews can range from a rigorous, in-depth, systematic assessment of the literature to a less formal review based on a combination of selective evidence and expert opinion, similar to chapters in some textbooks. Journals generally have 2 types of reviews based on the scope of the review and level of analysis of the evidence and supporting literature....

Systematic Reviews.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0002
Item type: 
section
Systematic reviews are critical assessments of the literature and data sources that pertain to clinical topics and often include information about the etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, or prevention of a disease or condition. These reviews involve a complete and up-to-date systematic search of the literature using multiple databases, covering many years, and grading the quality of the available evidence. Many journals encourage authors of systematic reviews to follow recommended reporting guidelines....

Types of Articles  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
eISBN: 
9780197507827
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190246556
The Types of Articles chapter of the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style considers the different types and formats of articles that scientific journals may use to present their content: ... More

Types of Articles.  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.021.0001
Item type: 
section
Effective communication of scientific information requires consideration of the content, intended message, audience, and article format. To facilitate effective communication, editors of biomedical journals and other scientific publications use various article types, formats, and sections. However, most articles in scientific journals usually can be classified into 1 of the following general categories: Research Reports, Reviews, Other Substantive Articles (ie, nonresearch, nonreview), Opinion Articles, Correspondence, and Other Articles. For example, in the JAMA Network journals, major articles are classified into 3 main categories: research, clinical review and education, and opinion. These journals also use the following categories online to help users search by article type: research, review, opinion, case report, news, and humanities....

Viewpoints (Also Called Commentaries or Perspectives).  

Phil B. Fontanarosa

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0001.022.0005
Item type: 
section
These articles may address virtually any important topic relevant to the readers of the journal and may involve issues in medicine, clinical care, public health, research, ethics, health policy, or health law. These articles generally are not linked to another specific concurrently published article and should be well focused, scholarly, and clearly presented. Dueling Viewpoints (or Point, Counterpoint articles) involve 2 scholarly opinion articles that address a controversial current topic of interest. The articles address the same question, with one article usually presenting the yes answer and the other presenting the no answer, thereby providing balance and insights on both sides of controversial topics....

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