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Apologetic Quotation Marks.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0360
Item type: 
section
Quotation marks are sometimes used around words for special effect or to indicate irony. In most instances, however, they are unnecessary and should be avoided in scientific writing. Avoid: Funding for “big data” projects is increasing. Previous | Next A word or phrase following ...

Block Quotations.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0366
Item type: 
section
Editorial judgment must be exercised to determine whether material quoted from texts or speeches is long enough to warrant setting it off in a block, ie, indented and without the quotation marks. Different modes of display (eg, print, online, optimized for mobile) should be considered when thinking about length. Paragraph indents are generally not used unless the quoted material is known to begin a paragraph. Space is often added both above and below quoted material that is indented. Block quotations are often preceded by a colon....

Coined Words, Slang, or Unfamiliar Terms.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0359
Item type: 
section
Coined words, slang, unfamiliar terms, nicknames, and words or phrases used ironically or facetiously may be enclosed in quotation marks at first mention. Thereafter, omit quotation marks (see 21.9, Editing, Proofreading, Tagging, and Display). Diagnoses based on traditional Chinese medicine, such as “yin deficiency,” may not jeopardize patients who have received a medical diagnosis before entering the study....

Common Words Used in a Technical Sense.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0362
Item type: 
section
Enclose in quotation marks common words used in a special technical sense when the context does not make the meaning clear (see 8.6.11, Definition or Translation of Non–English-Language Words). In many publications, “running feet” on left-hand pages face the “gutter” at the bottom of the page....

Definition or Translation of Non–English-Language Words.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0363
Item type: 
section
The literal translation of a non–English-language word or phrase is usually enclosed in quotation marks if it follows the word or phrase, whereas the simple definition of the word or phrase is not (see 12.2, Accent Marks [Diacritics]). Patients with hysteria may exhibit an attitude termed ...

Dialogue.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0354
Item type: 
section
With conversational dialogue, enclose the opening word and the final word in quotation marks. “Please don’t schedule the surgery for a Tuesday.” “OK, if that’s inconvenient for you, I won’t.” If a quotation is interrupted by attribution, punctuate as follows: “If there is no alternative,” she said, “we can schedule the surgery for Tuesday.”...

Indirect Discourse, Discussions.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0365
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section
After indirect discourse, do not use quotation marks. The nurse said he would be discharged today. You foolish woman, I berate myself, as I resist this type of thinking every day. Do not use quotation marks with yes or no. His answer to the question was no....

Omission of Opening or Closing Quotation Marks.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0358
Item type: 
section
The opening quotation mark should be omitted when an article beginning with a stand-up or drop cap (dropped initial capital letter) also begins with a quotation. It is best, however, to avoid this construction in text. Doctors need some patients,” a sage had said....

Placement.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0357
Item type: 
section
Place closing quotation marks outside commas and periods, inside colons and semicolons. Place question marks, dashes, and exclamation points inside quotation marks only when they are part of the quoted material. If they apply to the whole statement, place them outside the quotation marks. Why bother to perform autopsies at all if the main finding is invariably “edema and congestion of the viscera”?...
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Quotation Marks.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.021.0144
Item type: 
section
Quotation marks are used to indicate material that is taken verbatim from another source. Previous | Next Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation of limited length that is run into the text (see 8.6.14, Block Quotations). “The excitement of the brisk pace and glamorous environs that can characterize life in the big city seemingly could not compare with the simple glories of scenic northern New Mexico for Kenneth M. Adams, profiled in The Art of JAMA.”...

Quotations.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0353
Item type: 
section
Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation of limited length that is run into the text (see 8.6.14, Block Quotations). “The excitement of the brisk pace and glamorous environs that can characterize life in the big city seemingly could not compare with the simple glories of scenic northern New Mexico for Kenneth M. Adams, profiled in The Art of JAMA.”...

Single Quotation Marks.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0356
Item type: 
section
Use single quotation marks for quotations within quotations. He looked at us and said, “As my patients always told me, ‘Be a good listener.’ ” Previous | Next Place closing quotation marks outside commas and periods, inside colons and semicolons. Place question marks, dashes, and exclamation points inside quotation marks only when they are part of the quoted material. If they apply to the whole statement, place them outside the quotation marks....

So-called.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0361
Item type: 
section
A word or phrase following so-called should not be enclosed in quotation marks. The so-called harm principle holds that competent adults should have freedom of action unless they pose a risk to themselves or to the community. Previous | Next Enclose in quotation marks common words used in a special technical sense when the context does not make the meaning clear (...

Titles.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0364
Item type: 
section
In the text, use quotation marks to enclose titles of short poems, essays, lectures, single episodes of a radio or television program, songs, the names of electronic files, parts of published works (eg, chapters, articles in a periodical), papers read at meetings, dissertations, and theses (...

Titles.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0355
Item type: 
section
Within titles (including titles of articles, references, and tables), centered heads, and run-in sideheads, use double quotation marks. The “Sense” of Humor Previous | Next Use single quotation marks for quotations within quotations. He looked at us and said, “As my patients always told me, ‘Be a good listener.’ ”...

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