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Forward Slash (Virgule, Solidus).  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.021.0142
Item type: 
section
The forward slash is used to represent per, and, or or and to divide material (eg, numerator and denominator in fractions; month, day, and year in dates [only in tables and figures]; lines of poetry). It may also be used in URLs (see 2.0...

In Dates.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0345
Item type: 
section
Use the forward slash in dates only in tables and figures to save space (month/day/year) (see 4.1.6, Tables, Punctuation). Avoid this presentation of dates in the text. Previous | Next In equations that are set on the line and run into the text rather than centered and set off (...

In Equations.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0346
Item type: 
section
In equations that are set on the line and run into the text rather than centered and set off (see 20.2, Stacked vs Unstacked Fractions or Formulas), use the forward slash to separate numerator and denominator. The stacked fraction y=r1+...

Phonetics, Poetry.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0348
Item type: 
section
The forward slash is also used to set off phonemes and phonemic transcription and to divide run-in lines of poetry. /d/ as in dog . . . cold-breath’d earth!/Earth of the slumbering and liquid trees!/Earth of departed sunset─/Earth of the mountains misty-topt! Previous | Next

Ratios.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0347
Item type: 
section
Although a forward slash may be used to express a ratio (eg, the male/female [M/F] ratio was 2/1), the JAMA Network journals recommend use of a colon to express ratios that involve numbers or abbreviations (the Apo B:Apo A-I ratio was 2:1) and the word ...

Used to Express Equivalence or Duality.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0343
Item type: 
section
When 2 terms are of equal weight in an expression and and is implied between them to express this equivalence, the forward slash can be retained. Developing skin cancer screening recommendations in the Hispanic/Latino population can be challenging. The diagnosis and initial treatment/diagnostic planning were recorded....

Used to Mean per.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0008.022.0344
Item type: 
section
In the “per” construction, use a forward slash only when (1) the construction involves units of measure (including time) and (2) at least 1 element includes a specific numerical quantity and (3) the element immediately adjacent on each side is either a specific numerical quantity or a unit of measure. In such cases, the units of measure should be abbreviated in accordance with ...

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