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Phil Fontanarosa, Stacy Christiansen, and Annette Flanagin
If a manuscript is rejected, authors occasionally will appeal the decision and request reconsideration, most often because they perceive that the reviewers or the editor may have misjudged the importance of the submission. Journals should develop procedures for responding to these requests for appeal of editorial decisions. The editor in chief should be involved in the evaluation of the authors’ request for reconsideration and the reasons for the request, with careful reassessment of the initial manuscript and the comments of the peer reviewers and detailed discussion with the editor who rendered the initial decision. In most cases, the initial editorial decision is upheld, unless the authors can provide objective and compelling grounds for reconsideration of the original decision, particularly if they can provide new data or new analyses, as opposed to differences of opinion about editorial priority (...