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Acronyms.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0017
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Do not capitalize the words from which an acronym is derived (see 13.0, Abbreviations). chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) Exception: When the words that form the acronym are proper names, use capitals as described in 10.3.9, Proper Nouns, Official Names:...
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Capitalization  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
eISBN: 
9780197507827
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010
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chapter
ISBN: 
9780190246556
The Capitalization chapter of the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style provides guidance on capitalization in a wide variety of situations: first word of sentences, quotations, titles, ... More
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Capitalization.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0011
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section
  Previous | Next The first word of every complete sentence should be capitalized. Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation (but see 8.6.1, Quotation Marks, Quotations). The speaker made the following observation: “There are limitations inherent to the use of rotational flaps.”...

Capitalized Electronic (Digital) Terms.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0018
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Use initial capitals with computer commands, functions, or features. Items in the Junk folder will be deleted after 90 days. Enter your search terms and press Go. Press Ctrl + Alt + Delete to bring up the Task Manager. The words internet and web are not capitalized....

Designators.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0015
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When used as specific designations within an article, with or without numerals, capitalize the singular and plural forms of the words Table, Figure, Box (as well as their online-only equivalents), and Supplement. Do not capitalize the following words, even when used as specific designators, unless used as part of a heading or title:...

Eponyms and Words Derived From Proper Nouns.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0009
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With eponyms, capitalize the proper name but not the common noun that follows it (see 15.0, Eponyms). Most words derived from proper nouns are not capitalized. In general, follow the current edition of Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary or Dorland’s or Stedman’s medical dictionary. Previous | ...

Events, Awards, and Legislation.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0008
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Capitalize the names of historical and special events, historical periods, and awards (but not common nouns that may follow the names). Previous | Next

First Word of Sentences, Quotations, Titles, and Subtitles.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0012
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section
The first word of every complete sentence should be capitalized. Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation (but see 8.6.1, Quotation Marks, Quotations). The speaker made the following observation: “There are limitations inherent to the use of rotational flaps.” Note: If the quotation is not a full sentence itself, a lowercase letter on the first word is preferable....

Hyphenated Compounds.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0003
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section
In titles, subtitles, and text headings, do not capitalize the second part of a hyphenated compound in the following instances: If either part is a hyphenated prefix or suffix (see 8.3.1.1, Hyphen, Temporary Compounds) Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for Ankylosing Spondylitis If both parts together constitute a single word (consult the current edition of ...

Intercapped Compounds.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0020
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Intercapped compounds are words that contain capital letters within them. Proprietary and brand names with such intercapitalization should retain their spelling and format. He sells antiques on eBay. Figures should not be submitted as PowerPoint slides. The official iMessage deregistration website lets you enter your telephone number, even if you no longer have an iPhone handy....

Official Names.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0014
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section
Capitalize the official titles of organizations, businesses, conferences, congresses, institutions, and government agencies. Do not capitalize the conjunctions, articles, or prepositions of 3 or fewer letters contained within these names. For names of institutions, do not capitalize the unless it is part of the official title....

Organisms.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0011
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section
Capitalize the formal name of a genus when used in the singular, with or without a species name. Capitalize formal genus names but not traditional generic designations (eg, streptococci) or derived adjectives (streptococcal) (see 14.14.1.11, Collective Genus Terms). Do not capitalize the name of a species, variety, or subspecies. Do capitalize phylum, class, order, and family (...

Proper Nouns.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0014
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section
Proper nouns are words used as names for unique individuals, events, objects, or places. Previous | Next Capitalize names of planets, cities, towns, counties, states, countries, continents, islands, airports, peninsulas, bodies of water, mountains and mountain ranges, streets, parks, forests, canyons, dams, and regions (current or historical)....

Proprietary Names.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0010
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section
Capitalize trademarks, proprietary names of drugs, and brand names of manufactured products and equipment. Do not capitalize generic names or descriptive terms. Do not include trademark and copyright symbols after proprietary and brand names (see 5.6.15.9, Use of Trademarked Names in Publication). Each study patient was given 200 mg of diphenhydramine (Benadryl; McNeil Consumer Healthcare) as a sleep aid....

Seasons, Deities, Holidays.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0012
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Do not capitalize the names of the seasons. Capitalize the names of specific deities and their manifestations. Capitalize holidays and calendar events. Previous | Next

Sociocultural Designations.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

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Feb 2020
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DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0007
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UPDATE: In chapter 10.3.2, Sociocultural Designations, the examples of capitalizing racial categories was updated to reflect the decision to capitalize Black and White and to use them as modifiers, not as nouns. This change was made August 27, 2020. Capitalize names of languages, nationalities, racial categories, ethnicities, political parties, religions, and religious denominations. Do not capitalize political doctrines (conservative, progressive) or general forms of government (democracy, monarchy). Capitalize ...

Tests.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0013
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section
The exact and complete titles of tests and subscales of tests should be capitalized. The word test is not usually capitalized except when it is part of the official name of the test. Always verify exact names of tests with the author or with reference sources....

Titles and Degrees of Persons.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0015
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section
Capitalize a person’s title when it precedes the person’s name but not when it follows the name. Program Chair Allison Hemmings is to be congratulated for our successful meeting. Allison Hemmings was named program chair at the 2015 annual meeting. Dr Colvin served as principal investigator....

Titles and Headings of Tables, Figures, or Boxes.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.022.0004
Item type: 
section
Capitalize each major word in the title of a table. In row headings (table stubs) and column headings, only the initial word should be capitalized. If a symbol, numeral, or lowercase Greek letter begins the stub, the word that follows should be capitalized. Previous | ...

Titles and Headings.  

Brenda Gregoline

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0010.021.0013
Item type: 
section
Capitalize major words in titles, subtitles, and headings of books, journals, articles, musical compositions (including albums and songs), plays (stage and screen), radio and television programs, movies, paintings and other works of art, software programs, websites, blogs, electronic systems, trademarks, and names of ships, airplanes, spacecraft, awards, corporations, and monuments....

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