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Cardiology.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.021.0004
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Several areas of cardiology use simple letter terms and alphanumeric terms that do not need to be expanded at first mention. Previous | Next International standardization of electrocardiographic nomenclature dates back to the mid-20th century.1 , 2 , 3 , 4 The preferred abbreviation for electrocardiogram and electrocardiographic is ECG, not EKG. In the following examples of ECG terms, note the use of capitals, lowercase letters, subscripts, and hyphens....
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Cellular and Molecular Cardiology.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0052
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These descriptive terms do not require expansion: Expand these terms at first mention:
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Coronary Artery Angiographic Classifications.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0020
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Guidelines are available for nomenclature of coronary artery segments,28 used in coronary artery catheterization and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow (TIMI flow). The TIMI flow is expressed as grade 0, grade 1, grade 2, or grade 3, from lowest flow (or severest lesion) to highest flow....
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Echocardiography.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0015
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The names of major echocardiographic methods are listed below. Expand any abbreviations at first mention. 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) 4-dimensional echocardiography (4DE) adenosine stress echocardiography cardiac catheter echocardiography color Doppler echocardiography color flow Doppler echocardiography continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography (CW Doppler) contrast echocardiography dipyridamole stress echocardiography...
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Electrocardiographic Terms.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0010
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International standardization of electrocardiographic nomenclature dates back to the mid-20th century.1 , 2 , 3 , 4 The preferred abbreviation for electrocardiogram and electrocardiographic is ECG, not EKG. In the following examples of ECG terms, note the use of capitals, lowercase letters, subscripts, and hyphens. Leads (recording electrodes) are designated in ...
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Electrograms.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0011
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Electrogram (EGM) terms pertain to invasive electrophysiologic recording of cardiac impulse conduction. Expand these terms at first mention. Previous | Next The 4 heart sounds and 4 components are commonly abbreviated in discussions of cardiac auscultatory findings; numerical subscripts are used....
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Heart Disease Classifications and Scoring Systems.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0019
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Several classifications and scoring systems pertinent to heart disease are in use (Table 14.3-5). The classes are assessed in various ways, for instance, by physical examination (Killip), hemodynamic measurement (Forrester), and patient history (NYHA). The detailed meanings of each class are beyond the scope of this book, but several style points may be noted:...
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Heart Sounds.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0012
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The 4 heart sounds and 4 components are commonly abbreviated in discussions of cardiac auscultatory findings; numerical subscripts are used. S1 first heart sound M1 mitral valve component T1 tricuspid valve component S2 second heart sound A2 aortic valve component...
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Implanted Cardioverter-Defibrillators.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0017
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A similar code, known as the NASPE/BPEG Defibrillator Code or NBD Code,11 exists for implanted cardioverter/defibrillators (ICDs), as defined in Table 14.3-3. Examples are as follows: DDH defibrillator VOEO defibrillator There is also a Short Form of the NBD Code intended only for use in conversation:...
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Jugular Venous Pulse.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0014
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The jugular venous pulse (JVP) contours are expressed with italic single letters and roman words: a wave (atrial) x descent z point c wave x′ descent v wave (ventricular) y descent (or y trough) h wave Examples are as follows: prominent a wave...
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Murmurs.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0013
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Murmurs are graded from soft (lower grade) to loud (higher grade). Murmur grades are written in arabic numerals. Systolic murmurs may be graded from 1 to 6 (see Freeman and Levine5) and diastolic from 1 to 4. Murmurs may also be presented by means of a virgule construction to indicate highest grade, as in the following examples:...
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Pacemaker Codes.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
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10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0016
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The capabilities and operation of cardiac pacemakers are described by 3- to 5-letter codes.7 , 8 DDIR pacing VVI pacemaker The code system for antibradycardia pacemakers endorsed by the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (NASPE) and the British Pacing and Electrophysiology Group (BPEG) is known as the NASPE/BPEG Generic Code or NBG Code. Although the code need not be expanded when mentioned in passing, it is good practice to describe pacing modes in prose at first mention, for example, “dual-chamber, adaptive-rate (DDDR) pacing.” The NBG Code was revised in 2001 to apply to antibradycardia, adaptive rate, and multisite pacing....
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Pacemaker-Lead Code.  

Cheryl Iverson

in AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (11th ed.)

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Feb 2020
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Feb 2020
DOI: 
10.1093/jama/9780190246556.003.0014.022.0018
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The NASPE/BPEG Pacemaker-Lead Code (NBL Code)12 is detailed in Table 14.3-4. Typically, all 4 positions are mentioned (eg, UPSO, BAPS). Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices, also known as biventricular devices, have additional functions and can be combined with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, such as ICD/CRT, or can be stand-alone CRT devices....

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